Trodelvy (sacituzumab govitecan-hziy) is aTrop-2-directed antibody and topoisomerase inhibitor conjugate.
Trodelvy is specifically indicated for the treatment of adult patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) who have received at least two prior therapies for metastatic disease.
Trodelvy is supplied as a solution for intravenous administration. The recommended dose of Trodelvy is 10mg/kg administered as an intravenous infusion once weekly on Days 1 and 8 of 21-day treatment cycles. Continue treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Do not administer Trodelvy at doses greater than 10mg/kg.
Premedication Prior to each dose of Trodelvy: premedication for prevention of infusion reactions and prevention of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is recommended.
Trodelvy was approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.
The FDA approval of Trodelvy was based on study IMMU-132-01, a multicenter, single-arm, trial that enrolled 108 patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) who had received at least two prior treatments for metastatic disease. Patients received Trodelvy 10 mg/kg intravenously on Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day treatment cycle. Patients were treated with Trodelvy until disease progression or intolerance to the therapy.Tumor imaging was obtained every 8 weeks, with confirmatory CT/MRI scans obtained 4-6 weeks after an initial partial or complete response, until progression requiring treatment discontinuation. Major efficacy outcome measures were investigator assessed overall response rate (ORR) using RECIST 1.1 and duration of response. Trodelvy demonstrated an ORR of 33.3% and a median DoR of 7.7 months, as determined by local assessment.
Adverse effects associated with the use of Trodelvy may include, but are not limited to, the following:
The Trodelvy drug label comes with the following Black Box Warning: Severe neutropenia may occur. Withhold Trodelvy for absolute neutrophil count below 1500/mm3 or neutropenic fever. Monitor blood cell counts periodically during treatment. Consider G-CSF for secondary prophylaxis. Initiate anti-infective treatment in patients with febrile neutropenia without delay. Severe diarrhea may occur. Monitor patients with diarrhea and give fluid and electrolytes as needed. Administer atropine, if not contraindicated, for early diarrhea of any severity. At the onset of late diarrhea, evaluate for infectious causes and, if negative, promptly initiate loperamide.If severe diarrhea occurs, withhold Trodelvy until resolved to <Grade 1 and reduce subsequent doses.
Trodelvy (sacituzumab govitecan-hziy) is a Trop-2-directed antibody-drug conjugate. Sacituzumab is a humanized antibody that recognizes Trop-2. The small molecule, SN-38, is a topoisomerase I inhibitor, which is covalently attached to the antibody by a linker. Pharmacology data suggest that sacituzumab govitecan-hziy binds to Trop-2-expressing cancer cells and is internalized with the subsequent release of SN-38 via hydrolysis of the linker. SN-38 interacts with topoisomerase I and prevents re-ligation of topoisomerase I-induced single strand breaks. The resulting DNA damage leads toapoptosis and cell death. Sacituzumab govitecan-hziy decreased tumor growth in mouse xenograft models of triple-negative breast cancer.
For additional information regarding Trodelvy or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, please visit the Trodelvy website.