Enhertu (fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki) is a HER2-directed antibody and topoisomerase inhibitor conjugate.
Enhertu is specifically indicated for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer who have received two or more prior anti-HER2-based regimens in the metastatic setting.
Enhertu is supplied as a solution for intravenous infusion. The recommended dosage of Enhertu is 5.4 mg/kg given as an intravenous infusion once every 3 weeks (21-day cycle) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. First infusion: Administer infusion over 90 minutes. Subsequent infusions: Administer over 30 minutes if prior infusions were well tolerated. Slow or interrupt the infusion rate if the patient develops infusion-related symptoms. Permanently discontinue Enhertu in case of severe infusion reactions.
This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial.
The efficacy of Enhertu was established in the DESTINY-Breast01 trial, a multicenter, single-arm trial enrolling 184 female patients with HER2-positive, unresectable and/or metastatic breast cancer who had received two or more prior anti-HER2 therapies. Patients received fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki 5.4 mg/kg by intravenous infusion every 3 weeks until unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. The main efficacy outcome measures were confirmed objective response rate (ORR) assessed by independent central review using RECIST 1.1 and response duration. ORR was 60.3%, with a 4.3% complete response rate and a 56% partial response rate. Median response duration was 14.8 months.
Adverse effects associated with the use of Enhertu may include, but are not limited to, the following:
The Enhertu drug label comes with the following Black Box Warning: INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASE and EMBRYO-FETAL TOXICITY • Interstitial lung disease (ILD) and pneumonitis, including fatal cases, have been reported with Enhertu. Monitor for and promptly investigate signs and symptoms including cough, dyspnea, fever, and other new or worsening respiratory symptoms. Permanently discontinue Enhertu in all patients with Grade 2 or higher ILD/pneumonitis. Advise patients of the risk and to immediately report symptoms.• Exposure to Enhertu during pregnancy can cause embryo-fetal harm. Advise patients of these risks and the need for effective contraception.
Enhertu (Fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki) is a HER2-directed antibody-drug conjugate. The antibody is a humanized anti-HER2 IgG1. The small molecule, DXd, is a topoisomerase I inhibitor attached to the antibody by a cleavable linker. Following binding to HER2 on tumor cells, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki undergoes internalization and intracellular linker cleavage by lysosomal enzymes. Upon release, the membrane permeable DXd causes DNA damage and apoptotic cell death.
For additional information regarding Enhertu or unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer, please visit the Enhertu web page.