sEphB4-HSA in Treating Patients With Kaposi Sarcoma

  • End date
    Apr 30, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    AIDS Malignancy Consortium
Updated on 9 July 2022


This phase II trial studies recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein (EphB4-HSA) in treating patients with Kaposi sarcoma. Recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein may block the growth of blood vessels that provide blood to the cancer, and may also prevent cancer cells from growing.



I. To evaluate the clinical response and toxicity of recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein (sEphB4-HSA) (at initial dosing of 15 mg/kg every 2 weeks) in participants with Kaposi sarcoma.


I. To assess the safety of sEphB4-HSA in participants with Kaposi sarcoma (KS). II. To determine trough level exposure of sEphB4-HSA and correlate with tumor response.

III. To characterize the pharmacodynamics of sEphB4-HSA and correlate these effects with clinical response.

IV. Effects on viral replication and gene expression of human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8).

V. Changes in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-Notch-EphrinB2 angiogenic pathway.

VI. Effects on immune response and modulation. VII. Effects on tumor cell apoptosis and proliferation. VIII. Effects on sEphB4-HSA on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) plasma viral loads in participants with HIV.

IX. To archive peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and tissue samples to be used in conjunction with samples collected in subsequent trials of sEphB4-HSA for future studies including identification of biomarkers predictive of response.

X. To evaluate the clinical response and toxicity of sEphB4-HSA (at increased dosing of 10 mg/kg every week) in participants with KS.


I. Describe baseline quality of life (QOL) scores, using the functional assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) + Kaposi sarcoma (KS) questionnaire, in participants with KS, and explore changes in QOL of participants on treatment with sEphB4-HSA.


Patients receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Patients with disease progression after 2 or more courses who have not experienced toxicity may receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of further disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 1 month; patients with partial response or better are followed up every 3 months for up to 1 year.

Condition Skin Kaposi Sarcoma
Treatment laboratory biomarker analysis, quality-of-life assessment, pharmacological study, Recombinant EphB4-HSA Fusion Protein
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02799485
SponsorAIDS Malignancy Consortium
Last Modified on9 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Participants may be treatment naïve, refractory to or intolerant of one or more prior therapies, or treated with prior systemic treatment including but not limited to liposomal doxorubicin
Participants must have biopsy-proven KS involving skin with or without visceral involvement
If HIV-positive, any cluster of differentiation (CD)4 count will be allowed on study
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 or Karnofsky performance score (KPS) >= 60%
Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
Participants may be receiving growth factor support to meet these criteria
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
Creatinine within normal institutional limit for the reference lab OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 as calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula for participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal
Participants must have cutaneous lesion(s) amenable to four (4) 5-mm tumor biopsies during the study (either 4 separate lesions measuring >= 5 mm each OR 2 separate lesions measuring >= 10 mm each) and at least five additional lesions measurable for assessment with no improvement over the past month
Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 14 days prior to enrollment and again within 24 hours prior to starting cycle 1 of sEphB4-HSA; further, they must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME during receipt of sEphB4-HSA, and 12 weeks after discontinuation of sEphB4-HSA; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy
A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
Documentation of HIV status; if participant is HIV positive, HIV-1 infection, as
If the participant is HIV negative, documentation of a negative result for any federally approved, licensed HIV rapid test within 4 weeks prior to study enrollment will suffice; if the initial rapid test is positive, further approved confirmatory test results must be present to document the subject's HIV status
documented by any federally approved, licensed HIV rapid test performed in
conjunction with screening (or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA], test
kit, and confirmed by Western blot or other approved test); alternatively
There should be no evidence for improvement in KS in the 3 months prior to study enrollment, unless there is evidence for progression of KS in the 4 weeks immediately prior to study enrollment
this documentation may include a record demonstrating that another physician
Participants must, in the opinion of the investigator, be capable of complying with the protocol
has documented the participant's HIV status based on either: 1) approved
diagnostic tests, or 2) the referring physician's written record that HIV
infection was documented, with supporting information on the participant's
relevant medical history and/or current management of HIV infection
If participant is HIV positive, participants must be on a stable antiretroviral
regimen for at least 12 weeks prior to study enrollment

Exclusion Criteria

Inability to understand and inability to provide informed consent
Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents
Participants who have had anti-neoplastic treatment for KS (including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, local treatment including topical fluorouracil [5-FU], biological therapy or investigational therapy) within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study OR those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
Participants with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sEphB4-HSA or other agents used in study
Participants who refuse antiretroviral therapy for HIV, if HIV positive
Concurrent, acute, active infection, or treatment for infection, other than oral thrush or genital herpes, within 14 days of enrollment
Participants for whom front-line cytotoxic therapy is indicated (i.e. symptomatic visceral or pulmonary KS or symptomatic KS impairing functional status)
Concurrent neoplasia requiring cytotoxic therapy
Participant is =< 2 years free of another primary malignancy; exceptions include the
Basal cell skin cancer
Cervical carcinoma in situ
Anal carcinoma in situ
Previous local therapy of any KS-indicator lesion unless the lesion has clearly progressed since that local treatment; any prior local treatment to indicator lesions regardless of the elapsed time should not be allowed unless there is evidence of clear-cut progression of said lesion
Female participants who are pregnant, lactating, or breast-feeding
Breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with sEphB4-HSA
Participants with a recent history (< 6 months) of a major infarct including but not inclusive to bowel ischemia, cerebral vascular accident, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, limb ischemia, or skin necrosis
Participants with a QTcF (Fridericia correction formula) > 480 ms on 2 out of 3 electrocardiograms (EKGs) (if first EKG is < 480, no need to repeat, if first EKG is > 480 repeat twice for a total of 3 EKGs)
Participants with uncontrolled sustained hypertension which will be defined as systolic blood pressure > 140, and diastolic blood pressure > 90, even with use of anti-hypertensive medications
Participants with a recent history (< 6 months) of a major bleed which will be defined as a symptomatic bleeding in a critical area or organ, such as intracranial, intraspinal, intraocular, retroperitoneal, intraarticular or pericardial, or intramuscular with compartment syndrome, and/or bleeding causing a fall in hemoglobin level 2 grams/dL or more, or leading to transfusion of two or more units of whole blood or packed red cells
Participants on any dose of warfarin or are on full dose anticoagulation with other agents including low molecular weight heparin, antithrombin agents, antiplatelet agents and full dose aspirin within 7 days prior to study enrollment; participants on prophylactic doses of low molecular weight heparin and low dose anticoagulants are allowed
Any steroid treatment except for that required for replacement therapy in adrenal
Cardiac related illnesses including, but not limited to
insufficiency, topical or injected testosterone for hypogonadism, or inhaled
Symptomatic congestive heart failure including participants with grade III/IV cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association functional criteria
steroids for the treatment of asthma
Unstable angina pectoris
Cardiac arrhythmia
Participants with diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization in the preceding 6 months, or any other intercurrent medical condition that contraindicates treatment with sEphB4-HSA or places the participant at undue risk for treatment related complications
Physical or psychiatric illness/social situations that in the estimation of the investigator would limit compliance with study requirements or place the participant at high risk of toxicity or non-compliance
Proteinuria as defined as > 2+ on urine dipstick; if dipstick urinalysis shows >= 2+
proteinuria, 24-hour urine for protein must be < 2 grams
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