Last updated on February 2018

Assessment of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Wide QRS and Non-specific Intraventricular Conduction Delay: a Randomized Trial

Brief description of study

The aim of the NICD-CRT study is to assess whether CRT may be clinically beneficial in HF patients with NICD and reduced ejection fraction on 12-month HF status.

In effect, the effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy in heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction patients with non specific intraventricular conduction delay (NICD) has never been confirmed even if it is recommended.

At the moment, no dedicated study has already been performed to assess the benefit of CRT in patients with NICD. Results from CRT therapy are contradictory in this patient group and have only been obtained from subgroup analysis. Some of them don't show clinical benefit but others show a benefit in term of an end-diastolic and/or end-systolic left ventricular volume (decrease of the size and the volumes of left ventricule).

The AHA/ACCF guidelines, published in 2005 and updated in 2009, considered only QRS duration (120 ms) for the indication of CRT implantation, without any consideration for the type of conduction disorder (i.e. LBBB vs. non-LBBB), current updated 2012 ACCF/AHA/HRS guidelines, consider QRS morphology (i.e. LBBB) as the first step for CRT candidate selection in addition to QRS duration (>150 ms). Indications for resynchronization have been restricted since indication of CRT in non-LBBB patients (e.g. NICD) is only a class IIa (>150 ms, only in NYHA III and ambulatory IV; level of evidence A). The same modifications have been applied between 2011 and 2013 in the European guidelines. None is known about patients with NICD and QRS > 130 ms.

Detailed Study Description

This is a pilot, prospective, controlled, two-parallel arm, randomized, double-blind design and multicentric clinical trial comparing a CRT-D or CRT-P ON group vs. CRT-D or CRT-P OFF group in HF with reduced ejection fraction patients with NICD.

Patients will be included in twelve French centers (Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, Cte Basque Hospital, Bordeaux University Hospital, Saint-Augustin Clinic, Limoges University Hospital, Grenoble University Hospital, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes New Clinic, Rennes University Hospital, Saint-Etienne University Hospital, Tours University Hospital, Toulouse University Hospital).

  1. At baseline a preimplantation evaluation is performed: clinical examination, ECG, six minute walk test, biology analysis, quality of life assessment, echocardiography, peak oxygen consumption.
  2. At 6 months, evaluation of efficacy which is the secondary assessment criteria:
    • Quality of life: Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnary: MLWHFQ) : improvement of at least 20 points
    • Functionnal capacity :
     NYHA classification reduction  1 class, 6-minute walk test improvement of at least 10 %
     in distance, Peak oxygen consumption increased by 1.0 ml/kg/minNYHA response to CRT is
     the primary endpoint. It is a composite primary endpoint, including modification of:
     Quality of Life Score (MINNESOTA scale), NYHA functional status , 6-minute walk test and
     volume of the left ventricle.

     - Percentage of hospitalizations for HF, for cardiovascular reasons and for all causes
     Decrease >15% in end-diastolic and/or end-systolic volumes of the left ventricle.

3. At 12 months, comparison of the proportion of improved, unchanged and worsend patients

     (Packer Score) in both group which is the primary endpoint and new evaluation of the CRT
     efficacy (same as 6 months)

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02454439

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Clermont-Ferrand, France
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