Pharmacokinetic Study to Evaluate Anti-mycobacterial Activity of TMC207 in Combination With Background Regimen (BR) of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) Medications for Treatment of Children/Adolescents Pulmonary MDR-TB

  • End date
    Jul 13, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Updated on 10 August 2022
chest x-ray
pulmonary tuberculosis
extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (explores what the body does to the drug), and anti-mycobacterial activity of bedaquiline (TMC207) in children and adolescents (0 months to less than [<] 18 years of age) diagnosed with confirmed or probable pulmonary multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), in combination With a Background Regimen (BR) of MDR-TB Medications.


This is an open-label (all people know the identity of the intervention), multicenter (when more than one hospital or medical school team work on a medical research study) and Phase 2 study. The study will consist of a screening phase, a 24-week open-label treatment phase during which all participants will receive bedaquiline (TMC207) in combination with a BR of MDR-TB medications, and a 96-week follow-up phase. Upon completion of the 24-week treatment with bedaquiline, all participants will continue to receive their BR under the care of the investigator. The total study duration will be 120 weeks for each participant. There will be 4 age based cohorts in this study. Cohort 1: greater than or equal to (>=) 12 to less than (<) 18 years of age; Cohort 2: >=5 to <12 years of age; Cohort 3: >=2 to <5 years of age; Cohort 4: 0 months to <2 years of age. Participants in Cohorts 1 and 2 will be enrolled concurrently followed by sequential enrollment of Cohorts 3 and 4. An internal safety monitoring group will review safety and pharmacokinetic data from each cohort to determine subsequent cohort enrollment and dose. Participants' safety will be monitored throughout the study.

Condition Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
Treatment Bedaquiline (TMC207), Background Regimen (BR)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02354014
SponsorJanssen Research & Development, LLC
Last Modified on10 August 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Participant must be a boy or girl, aged from birth (0 months) to less than (<) 18 years at screening. Participants in Cohort 4 who are <6 months of age must be greater than or equal to (>=) 37 weeks gestation at baseline
Participant must weigh >3 kilogram (kg) at entry and be within the 5th and 95th percentiles (inclusive) for the participant's age, based on the World Health Organization (WHO) child growth standards; Body Mass Index (BMI) for age.In Cohorts 3 and 4, weight for height may be used instead of BMI for age according to the local standard of care
For Cohorts 1 and 2 only: Heterosexually active girls may participate if they are of non-childbearing potential, or if they are using effective birth control methods and are willing to continue practicing birth control methods throughout Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment and for 6 months after stopping TMC207 treatment, or if they are non-heterosexually active or willing to practice sexual abstinence throughout MDR-TB treatment
For Cohorts 1 and 2 only: Boys who engage in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy of the female partner must use at minimum a male condom throughout MDR-TB treatment and for 3 months after stopping TMC207 treatment
Participant must have a chest X-ray (CXR) consistent with intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB) disease (example, pleural effusion, fibrotic pleural lesions, intrathoracic lymphadenopathy) and confirmed or probable pulmonary MDR-TB, including pre-extensively drug-resistant TB (pre- extensively drug resistant [XDR]-TB) or XDR-TB infection, based on the case definitions of pediatric pulmonary TB as described in the International Consensus Definitions and in accordance with the local standard of care
Participants must be starting the initial MDR-TB treatment at baseline or have started an MDR-TB treatment within 12 weeks of baseline and are willing to modify it if necessary to an acceptable MDR-TB regimen for use with TMC207
Participant must be willing to permanently discontinue RMP from at least 7 days before the baseline visit

Exclusion Criteria

Participant has a clinically significant active medical condition or the presence of any concomitant severe illness or rapidly deteriorating health condition, including immune deficiency (except HIV infection), which in the opinion of the investigator would prevent appropriate participation in the study, or that would make implementation of the protocol or interpretation of the study results difficult, or otherwise make the subject a poor candidate for a clinical study
Participant is a girl who is pregnant, or breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant while enrolled in this study or within 6 months after stopping TMC207 treatment
Participant tested positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) for the first time at screening. In addition, participants aged <2 years and participants who are being breastfed or were breastfed within the last 8 weeks before screening will be excluded if the mother has tested positive for HIV
Participant has known or presumed complicated or severe extrapulmonary manifestations of TB, including TB meningitis. Participants with adenopathy or adenitis are allowed to enter the study
Participant has a significant cardiac arrhythmia that requires medication or a history of risk factors for Torsade de Pointes, example heart failure, hypokalemia, known personal or family history of Long QT Syndrome, and untreated hypothyroidism
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