Last updated on October 2015

Drug Trial of Lixisenatide on Gastric Emptying and Blood Pressure Drops in Type 2 Diabetics and Healthy People

Brief description of study

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of the drug lixisenatide on blood sugar levels, stomach emptying, blood pressure and heart rate, release of gut hormones and blood flow in the gut after a glucose drink in both healthy subjects and people with type 2 diabetes. If lixisenatide is shown to be effective, it would encourage ongoing evaluation of its potential use in the management of the falls in blood pressure following a meal in diabetic patients.

Detailed Study Description

Lixisenatide is a drug that has been shown to reduce postprandial glycaemia in people with type 2 diabetes and is now approved for use in Australia. Although slowing of gastric emptying is likely to be the dominant mechanism by which lixisenatide reduces postprandial glycaemia after a meal, the effects of lixisenatide on gastric emptying have hitherto not been quantified by the 'gold standard' technique of scintigraphy. The study would determine and evaluate for the first time the magnitude of, and the relationship between lixisenatide on glycaemia with those on gastric emptying with scintigraphy. This information will be of fundamental significance to the effective use of lixisenatide in the management of people with type 2 diabetes that suffer from postprandial hypotension. Postprandial hypotension represents an important clinical disorder that occurs frequently in the elderly and people with type 2 diabetes and for which current management is suboptimal. While the mechanisms mediating postprandial hypotension are poorly understood, impaired regulation of splanchnic blood flow, gastric distension, the rate of small intestinal delivery and neural and hormonal mechanisms have been identified as possible pathophysiological mechanisms. Meal ingestion is associated with splanchnic blood pooling and a consequent reduction in venous return of blood to the heart. In healthy young and older individuals, with intact baroreflex mechanisms, these changes induce a rise in heart rate, stoke volume and cardiac output leading to a compensatory rise in blood pressure. However, patients with postprandial hypotension, these responses are inadequate to maintain blood pressure. The magnitude of the fall in blood pressure is greater when gastric emptying is more rapid and that slowing gastric emptying can markedly attenuate the postprandial fall in blood pressure in both healthy older subjects and type 2 patients. There is currently no information about the effect of lixisenatide on postprandial blood pressure and splanchnic blood flow in patients with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study would determine whether lixisenatide reduces the postprandial fall in blood pressure and related effects of gastric emptying to those on blood pressure, heart rate and splanchnic blood flow. The use of lixisenatide on appetite and energy intake and how these relate to effects of gastric emptying is lacking. It is hypothesized that lixisenatide will slow gastric emptying of oral glucose; attenuate both fasting and the postprandial rise in blood glucose; attenuate the magnitude of the fall in blood pressure, rise in heart rate and increase in SMA flow and reduce hunger, increase fullness and decrease energy intake at a buffet meal with greater effects in patients with type 2 diabetes that healthy subjects.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02308254

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