Ticagrelor Antiplatelet Therapy to Reduce Graft Events and Thrombosis

  • End date
    Aug 23, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Boca Raton Regional Hospital
Updated on 23 January 2021


Saphenous vein graft disease remains an unresolved medical problem. Many vein grafts occlude in the first year after bypass surgery, leading to adverse cardiovascular outcomes, including recurrent angina, myocardial infarction, and the need for repeat coronary intervention. While aspirin is the standard antiplatelet treatment after CABG surgery, 10-20% of vein grafts continue to occlude despite contemporary secondary preventative therapy. Compared to aspirin and other antiplatelet therapies like clopidogrel, ticagrelor treatment leads to a more pronounced platelet inhibition, and may substantially improve graft patency following CABG compared to aspirin. No data has yet to be collected regarding the impact of ticagrelor on saphenous vein graft patency following CABG. In this context, the investigators seek to compare vein graft patency between patients randomized to receive aspirin therapy, the current standard of care, or ticagrelor treatment, starting in the early postoperative period, and continuing for 2 years after CABG.


This clinical trial will be a randomized double-blind study focusing on ticagrelor antiplatelet therapy as a means of improving vein graft patency after CABG. Patients will be eligible if they have received at least 1 vein bypass graft at time of surgery. Patients will be randomized to receive either aspirin 81 mg bid or ticagrelor 90 mg bid. The aspirin and ticagrelor medications will be prepared in blinded capsules. Patients recovering from surgery will be eligible for study randomization within the first 5 postoperative days. Treatment will continue for 1 year, at which time patients will undergo a CT coronary angiogram to assess graft patency. Patients will then be invited to continue participating in the trial for 1 more year, and a repeat CT coronary angiogram will be performed at the 2 year postoperative time-point.

Condition Saphenous Vein Graft Disease
Treatment Aspirin, Ticagrelor
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02053909
SponsorBoca Raton Regional Hospital
Last Modified on23 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 18 yrs and 90 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have Saphenous Vein Graft Disease?
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have Saphenous Vein Graft Disease??
Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures
Female and/or male patients aged 18-90 years
Patients undergoing first-time CABG with at least 1 saphenous vein graft, irrespective of concurrent valve surgery

Exclusion Criteria

Inability to provide informed consent
Pregnancy or seeking pregnancy
Patients undergoing redo-CABG
Serum creatinine >1.8 mg/dL (need for contrast with CT coronary angiogram)
Hypersensitivity or allergy to aspirin or ticagrelor
Anticipated need for postoperative anticoagulation with coumadin, dabigatran or rivaroxaban (mechanical valve, chronic atrial fibrillation, DVT/PE)
History of gastrointestinal hemorrhage
Active pathological bleeding
History of intracranial hemorrhage
Severe hepatic impairment
Current or anticipated use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, clarithromycin, nefazadone, ritonavir, and atazanavir)
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