Identification of Protective and Worsening Steatohepatitis (NASH) Factors

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    150
  • sponsor
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
Updated on 7 November 2020
body mass index
liver disease
fatty liver
steatosis
obesity surgery

Summary

The main aim of this work will be to identify a profile of gene expression by microarray in the liver which might allow to differentiate obese subjects having a normal liver from those with steatohepatitis or steatosis.

Description

Recent epidemiological studies in France showed a strong prevalence of obesity (12,4%) and its strong increase during the 20 last years. Among the multiple complications related to obesity, the hepatic complications (steatosis and steatohepatitis (NASH)) are among most frequent. Our recent work showed that the adipose tissue, following the example of hepatic tissue also expressed CRP, the hepcidin and the IL-6 on a gene and protein level. We also noticed that 5% of our patients in spite of their obesity presented a normal liver without steatosis. The main aim of this work will be to identify a profile of gene expression by microarray in the liver which might allow to differentiate the obese subjects having a normal liver from those with steatohepatitis or steatosis. The gene studies will be carried out initially in morbid obese subjects without diabetes (women, index of body mass > 40 kg/m2). We will select a sample of 10 patients having a normal liver, 10 patients having a NASH and 10 patients having a simple steatosis. These gene studies will be carried out in the liver and visceral adipose tissue from these same patients which will make possible to evaluate the interrelationship between the liver and the adipose tissue. We will also include 10 patients having an overweight and a NASH (study only on liver biopsy). The livers controls (10) will be provided from the department of surgery of Pr Jean Gugenheim and are practically all available. They are "healthy" tissue near hepatic benign tumors. Commercial ARN (Biosciences, Stratagene) will be also used. After identification of these profiles of gene expression in a restricted number of patients, we will validate these profiles of gene expression in a more significant number of patients (30 to 45 patients having a NASH compared with 30 to 45 patients having a simple steatosis). The secondary objectives will be: To compare the profile of gene expression between the liver and the adipose visceral and subcutaneous tissue from the morbid obese subjects After the identification of a group of genes of interest whose expression is modified in a small number of patients having a NASH, we continue our study with a more restricted number of genes. - To validate in a more significant number of patients the modifications of expression of these genes by an approach by real-time PCR - To determine the site of expression of these factors in the liver or adipose tissue by immunohistochemic analysis - To determine the rate of expression of these factors in the liver or adipose tissue by biochemical analysis (Western blot) - A serum dosage could finally be carried out to determine if the serum proteins could constitute a predictive index of the NASH or steatosis. We will use the series of obese patients from the CHU of Nice whose a surgical approach of obesity was programmed. Preoperative explorations include clinico-biological assessments. During the intervention, the liver and adipose tissue biopsies will be systematically realized for research. We will also use the hepatic biopsies carried out among patients having an overweight and a NASH. The feasibility of the work does not pose any problem. The department of surgery carries out 10 surgeries of obesity per month. We already have a series of 280 patients. We must include 150 patients in order to be able to obtain sufficiently patients with normal liver. For the other patients, we will use the tissue bank which is already carried out and the patients already gave the consent. Finally we must constitute a liver tissue bank for patients having an overweight. All these fundamental techniques are controlled within team from INSERM U 568 Awaited results: We could by this strategy select protective and worsening factors of steatohepatitis (NASH) which will be able to lead to identify predictive biological markers of the lesions of steatohepatitis and thus to identify patients at risk for the hepatic lesions. These factors could also serve as future therapeutic targets.

Details
Condition Morbid obesity, Fatty Liver
Treatment hepatic biopsies
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00914446
SponsorCentre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
Last Modified on7 November 2020

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