Cystoscopy Plus Urethral Dilatation Versus Cystoscopy Alone in Women With Overactive Bladder Syndrome and Impaired Voiding

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Medway NHS Foundation Trust
Updated on 7 November 2020
bladder symptoms
urethral dilatation


Urethral dilatation is a commonly undertaken intervention for a variety of urinary complaints including overactive bladder symptoms. There is however very little evidence for its efficacy, and no randomized trial evidence. The aim of this study is to ascertain the effect of urethral dilatation on overactive bladder symptoms and on voiding parameters. The null hypothesis is that there will be no difference in symptoms or voiding parameters between the urethral dilatation and sham groups. Eligible women will be assessed initially with a history and examination, a King's Health Questionnaire and Bristol Female Urinary Tract Symptoms (BFLUTS) questionnaire and pressure flow studies. They will be randomized to undergo either cystoscopy alone or cystoscopy and urethral dilatation. Patients will be blinded to the procedure undertaken and randomized using a series of opaque envelopes. Follow up will be at 6 weeks with repeat questionnaires and pressure flow studies. Subjective and objective outcomes will be compared between the two groups.


This study is a randomised controlled trial. Objective outcomes will be evaluated at 6 weeks' post-operatively. Subjective outcomes will be evaluated at 6 weeks' and 6 months' post-operatively. Study Population Entry to the study will be offered to all women with OAB symptoms with impaired voiding on cystometry (flow rate less than 15mls/sec with volume of 200mls voided and a normal or high detrusor pressure at maximum flow), who have failed to improve with 2 different anticholinergic medications. Subjects will be recruited from the Urogynaecology clinic at Medway Maritime Hospital. A power calculation was carried out which showed a minimum sample size of 30 (i.e. 15 in each arm) to be necessary to ensure an 80% power with a significance level of 0.05. Pre-operative Assessment All patients will undergo an initial assessment consisting of a full urogynaecogical history and examination, BFLUTS questionnaire and Urgency Perception Scale, and pressure flow studies. As mentioned before, each patient will have been treated with anticholinergic medications prior to being offered this intervention. Surgical Technique All procedures will be carried out under general anaesthesia. A dose of intravenous gentamicin will be given to each patient at induction. After emptying the bladder, saline cystoscopy will be carried out with a 30 degree cystoscope. The bladder mucosa will be systematically inspected for any abnormalities and the bladder filled either until the sphincter mechanism is overcome or to 1000mls. The bladder is emptied again and a second fill undertaken. The bladder mucosa is inspected for petechial haemorrhages, erythema and other signs of chronic cystitis on the second fill. In subjects randomised to undergo urethral dilatation, this will be undertaken using Hagar dilators. There is no evidence in the literature regarding normal urethral calibre in women. Therefore, the urethra will be dilated to a maximum of 10 Hagar as per our unit's protocol. Women will be discharged on the same day, if they pass urine adequately. Post-operative Assessment Subjects will be seen in the Urogynaecology clinic at 6 weeks' post-operatively and assessed with a BFLUTS questionnaire, UPS and repeat pressure flow studies. Each patient will be assessed subjectively at 6 months' post-operatively using the symptom questionnaires. Significance testing will be used to compare symptom scores and pressure flow parameters between each group pre- and post-operatively.

Treatment Cystoscopy, Cystoscopy and urethral dilatation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00839969
SponsorMedway NHS Foundation Trust
Last Modified on7 November 2020


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