Last updated on February 2009

Compare Anterior Chamber Biometry in Healthy and Post-LASIK Patients


Brief description of study

In this study, the investigators employed Visante-OCT (Carl Zeiss, USA), an anterior chamber optical coherence tomography, to monitor the change of anterior chamber dimensions. These data were correlated to anterior and posterior curvature changes collected with the Oculus Pentacam (Oculus Inc., Germany), a corneal topographer based on rotating Scheimpflug principle. To minimize the effect of convergence and excyclotorsion during examination, topical cycloplegic medication was used. The investigators hypothesized that if there is a link between ciliary muscle contraction and cornea curvature, installation of cycloplegic should result in widening of anterior chamber angle to angle distance and flattening of the cornea curvature data.

Detailed Study Description

Accommodation is an action that enables projections of both distant and near objects to be brought into clear focus on the retina through changing of diopteric power of crystalline lens. Although the exact mechanism of accommodation remains inconclusive, most authors agree that contraction of ciliary muscle plays a pivotal role.1, 2 Recently, accumulating evidence shows that the effect of ciliary muscle contraction goes beyond merely changing the curvature of the crystalline lens.3 Ciliary muscle contraction might be responsible for a transient elongation in axial length during the accommodation response.3 Contraction of ciliary smooth muscle applied an inward pulling force on the choroid and sclera adjacent to the ciliary body and cause protrusion at posterior sclera. If ciliary muscle contraction can elicit protrusion at posterior sclera, it is conceivable that some changes in corneal shape would also occur as the cornea is adjacent to ciliary muscle. The influence of accommodation on the cornea has therefore been the subject of several studies with conflicting results. Some authors reported no change4, 5, while others described significant change in corneal curvature during accommodation6-9. Yasuda and Yamaguchi9 found central corneal steepening of approximately 0.10 D, using pharmacologically induced ciliary muscle contraction and corneal topography analysis. Saitoh et al10 reported that instillation of a sympathomimetic agent to stimulate mydriasis induces significant flattening of both anterior and posterior cornea curvatures as detected by Orbscan . On the contrary, Buehren5 and Read4 argue that changes in corneal topography is a result of excyclotorsional eye movement during accommodation. When this excyclotorsional eye movement was accounted for in their data analysis, no significant change in corneal topography was found with accommodation. The effect of ciliary relaxation on the cornea curvature, however, was less well delineated. In this study, we employed Visante-OCT (Carl ZeiIn this study, we employed Visante-OCT (Carl Zeiss, USA), an anterior chamber optical coherence tomography, to monitor the change of anterior chamber dimensions. These data were correlated to anterior and posterior curvature changes collected with the Oculus Pentacam (Oculus Inc., Germany), a corneal topographer based on rotating Scheimpflug principle. To minimize the effect of convergence and excyclotorsion during examination, topical cycloplegic medication was used. We hypothesized that if there is a link between ciliary muscle contraction and cornea curvature, installation of cycloplegic should result in widening of anterior chamber angle to angle distance and flattening of the cornea curvature data. ss, USA), an anterior chamber optical coherence tomography, to monitor the change of anterior chamber dimensions. These data were correlated to anterior and posterior curvature changes collected with the Oculus Pentacam (Oculus Inc., Germany), a corneal topographer based on rotating Scheimpflug principle. To minimize the effect of convergence and excyclotorsion during examination, topical cycloplegic medication was used. We hypothesized that if there is a link between ciliary muscle contraction and cornea curvature, installation of cycloplegic should result in widening of anterior chamber angle to angle distance and flattening of the cornea curvature data. In addition, we would also compare the accuracy in pupil diameter measurements between Pentacam and Visante OCT under under normal and mydratic conditions.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00838734

Contact Investigators or Research Sites near you

Start Over

Shu-Wen Chang, MD

Far Eastern Memorial Hospital
Pan-Chiao, Taiwan
  Connect »

Recruitment Status: Open


Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team


Receive Emails About New Clinical Trials!

Sign up for our FREE service to receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.