Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Aortic Aneurysm Instability

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    University of Edinburgh
Updated on 7 November 2020
abdominal aortic aneurysm

Summary

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a progressive enlargement of the aorta, the largest blood vessel in the body. It is at risk of bursting when it is usually fatal. Currently the risk of the AAA bursting is estimated from its diameter. In this study, the investigators hope to develop a new type of aneurysm scan involving Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). It is hoped that this scan will be better at determining which AAAs are at risk of bursting and therefore require an operation to prevent this.

Description

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) have a prevalence of ~5% and when ruptured carry a mortality rate of ~90%. The pathophysiology of AAA encompasses a range of poorly understood biomechanical and biological processes. Currently the diameter of the aneurysm is used as a surrogate for the risk of rupture and patients with an aneurysm diameter greater than 55 mm are considered for elective surgical repair. However, this reliance on a single surrogate measure is too simplistic and does not take into account other physical and biological aspects of the AAA. We propose to evaluate the role of inflammation, proteolysis and neovascularisation in patients with AAA disease. We will compare novel magnetic resonance imaging techniques with blood and tissue measures of inflammation (c-reactive protein, cytokines, macrophage and leucocyte density), proteolytic activity (matrix metalloproteinases, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases) and neovascularisation (vessel density, endothelial progenitor cells). By comparing findings between patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic disease, this study will inform our understanding of the disease process as well as potentially identify risk markers of AAA instability that could be used to follow-up patients with asymptomatic disease.

Details
Condition Aortic Aneurysm
Treatment Sinerem administration
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00794092
SponsorUniversity of Edinburgh
Last Modified on7 November 2020

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