Angiotensin in Septic Kidney Injury Trial

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    12
  • sponsor
    Austin Health
Updated on 7 November 2020
sepsis
severe sepsis
renal failure
critical illness
acute renal failure
renal injury
renal replacement
replacement therapy
urine output
shock
abnormal renal function
angiotensin ii
septic shock

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a systemic infusion of angiotensin II on haemodynamics and urine output in critically ill patients with severe sepsis/septic shock and acute renal failure. It will also help determine the feasibility of conducting a definitive and adequately powered randomised controlled trial of angiotensin II in such patients that would assess mortality and need for renal replacement therapy as endpoints.

Description

Sepsis is the most common cause of ARF in the ICU. In last 50 years there have been no significant advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis, prevention or treatment of septic ARF, except for the use of renal replacement therapy (RRT) once it is established. It has been assumed that hypotension induced by severe sepsis results in organ hypoperfusion and subsequent kidney ischaemia. This ischaemia has been believed to be one of the main factors, if not the principal factor, contributing to development of ARF in severe sepsis. Surprisingly, there is little evidence to support this assumption. Rather, emerging evidence seriously questions this traditional ischaemic-acute tubular necrosis (ATN) paradigm of septic ARF. Patients with severe sepsis have been found to have increased, rather than decreased, renal blood flow, and post mortem examination of kidneys from patients who have died with septic acute renal failure rarely show the appearance of ATN. An animal model of septic ARF found that renal blood flow was increased, while glomerular filtration rate was decreased. These facts lead us to hypothesise that profound efferent arteriolar vasodilatation may be the cause of the observed decrease in GFR in septic ARF. The only logical explanation for the observation that RBF increases while GFR falls is that both efferent and afferent arterioles dilate, but that efferent vasodilation is greater. A selective efferent arteriolar vasoconstrictor would be expected to restore GFR. Angiotensin II is the most selective known efferent vasoconstrictor. We hypothesise that early therapeutic intervention with angiotensin II in critically ill patients with severe sepsis/septic shock and kidney dysfunction may improve kidney function such that the need for renal replacement therapy is avoided. This would represent a significant improvement in the care of critically ill patients with severe sepsis/septic shock and ARF, a condition for which no interventions short of RRT have been shown to improve outcome. Novel and successful therapeutic interventions in this patient population would have widespread clinical implications, including improved survival and less need for long-term dialysis, with consequent resource savings.

Details
Condition Acute renal failure, Septicemia, Toxic Shock Syndrome
Treatment Saline Placebo, Angiotensin II
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00711789
SponsorAustin Health
Last Modified on7 November 2020

Eligibility

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note