Docetaxel, Cisplatin and Fluorouracil in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Stage II-IV Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Updated on 23 January 2022
platelet count
measurable disease
chemotherapy regimen
advanced squamous cell carcinoma


This phase II trial studies how well docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil work in treating patients with previously untreated stage II-IV nasal cavity and/or paranasal sinus cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.



I. To determine the clinical/radiographic complete and partial response rate after induction chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil (TPF).

II. To improve local tumor control to 80% at 2 years.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES I. Disease specific-survival and overall survival rates. II. Organ preservation (orbital, maxillary, cranial) rate. III. Patterns of treatment failure (local, regional, and distant). IV. Acute and late treatment-related toxicity. V. The effect of treatment on Quality of Life with and without surgery (i.e., M. D. Anderson Symptom Inventory [MDASI], M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory [MDADI], Xerostomia Questionnaire, Performance Status Scale for Head & Neck Cancer Patients [PSS-HN], etc.).

VI. To evaluate the effects of induction chemotherapy on biological markers that could serve as surrogates for response and predictors of long-term outcome.


INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on day 1, cisplatin IV over 30-180 minutes or carboplatin IV on day 1, and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks for up to 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients who achieve complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) receive 1 additional course of treatment and undergo chemoradiotherapy over 6-7 weeks. Patients who have stable disease (SD) or progressive disease (PD) to induction therapy, or less than a complete response to chemoradiotherapy undergo surgery and radiation therapy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 4 months for 1 year and every 6 months for 2 years.

Condition Locally Advanced Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Poorly Differentiated Carcinoma, Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Stage II Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer AJCC v8, Stage III Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IVA Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IVB Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer AJCC v8
Treatment radiation therapy, fluorouracil, cisplatin, quality-of-life assessment, docetaxel, carboplatin, 5-fluorouracil, Chemoradiotherapy, Definitive Surgical Resection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00707473
SponsorM.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Last Modified on23 January 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have a confirmed (by a MD Anderson Cancer Center [MDACC] pathologist) cytologic or histological diagnosis of locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma, or sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma of the nasal cavity and/or paranasal sinuses
Stage II-IV disease; tumor (T) 2-4, node (N) any, metastasis (M) 0. Measurable disease is required with the following criteria: Measurable lesions can be accurately measured, with at least one diameter >= 1.0 cm by spiral computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Lesions can be bidimensionally measurable or unidimensionally measurable. Every effort should be made to measure lesions in two dimensions. Measurable disease is present if the patient has one or more measurable lesions. Non-measurable lesions/disease are all other lesions, including small lesions (those with measurements < 2.0 cm; or < 1.0 cm with spiral CT)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) 0-1
Absolute peripheral granulocyte count (AGC) of >= 1500 cells/mm^3
Platelet count of >= 100,000 cells/mm^3
Total bilirubin =< upper limit of normal (ULN). If the patient has a history of Gilbert's Syndrome, check direct and indirect bilirubin. If in the judgment of the attending medical oncologist it is safe to treat the patient, the patient will be considered eligible for this criteria
Alkaline phosphatase =< 2 x ULN. If in the judgment of the attending medical oncologist it is safe to treat the patient, the patient will be considered eligible for this criteria
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2 x ULN. If in the judgment of the attending medical oncologist it is safe to treat the patient, the patient will be considered eligible for this criteria
Hemoglobin >= 10.0g/dL
Per MDACC creatinine clearance (CrCl) guidelines, patients must have a creatinine clearance > 50 ml/min determined by 24 hour collection or nomogram
Patients should have uncontrolled intercurrent illness, which in the opinion of the attending medical oncologist, would render the patient unsuitable for the study (i.e., preclude safe administration of the prescribed chemotherapy treatment)
Women of child bearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (i.e., minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]), within 72 hours prior to the start of study treatment. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in the study, she should inform her treating physician(s) immediately
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written Informed Consent Document (ICD). In the event that non-English speaking participants are eligible for this study, a short form (if applicable) or an ICD in their language, will be utilized and completed in accordance with the MDACC Policy For Consenting Non-English Speaking Participants
Willingness to undergo MDACC Audiology and Ophthalmology Assessment

Exclusion Criteria

Evidence of distant metastases (below the clavicle) by clinical or radiographic measures
Pre-existing peripheral neuropathy Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2 or worse
Pre-existing bilateral sensorineural hearing loss at > 90dB at any frequency from 250-8000Hz as assessed by a comprehensive audiometric evaluation for patients receiving cisplatin. This criteria will not apply to patients receiving carboplatin
Prior chemotherapy (i.e., as administered strictly for cancer treatment) within the previous 3 years. Use of chemotherapy agents for non-cancer treatment purposes (i.e., arthritis treatment, etc.) are excluded from this criterion
Prior radiotherapy to the paranasal sinus region or the upper neck (i.e., prior radiotherapy to another disease site is acceptable)
Initial surgical resection of the paranasal sinuses or nasal cavity region rendering the patient clinically and radiologically disease free
Simultaneous primary invasive cancers or patients currently receiving any other investigational agents at time of study enrollment. Patients may have received investigational agents in the past. No washout time period is required
Patients with a past history of malignancy that were treated less than 3 years and have not remained disease free for the past 3 years. (Patients with non metastatic skin cancers will be eligible)
Men and women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method to avoid pregnancy for the entire study period and for up to 3 months after the study. Subjects who are men must also agree to use effective contraception. Note: WOCBP must be using an adequate method of contraception throughout the study and for up to 3 months after the study. Adequate methods of contraception will include (oral, injectable, or implantable hormonal contraceptive; tubal ligation; intra-uterine device; barrier contraceptive with spermicide; or vasectomized partner)
Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80
Patients with a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
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