Efficacy and Safety of Aprepitant in Subjects With Multiple Myeloma During and After High-dose Chemotherapy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    362
  • sponsor
    Heidelberg University
Updated on 7 November 2020
remission
melphalan
dexamethasone
high dose chemotherapy

Summary

1. Scientific background In patients with multiple myeloma high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stemcell transplantation is preferred to conventional therapy, since the superiority in respect to complete remission, complete remission duration, event-free survival and overall survival has been proven within well controlled clinical trials (Fassas et al., 2002; Goldschmidt et al., 2003). Nausea and vomiting are well known and the most distressing side-effects of a high dose chemotherapy regimen. The administration of selective 5-HT3-receptor antagonists (5-HT3 RAs) in combination with a corticosteroid (= antiemetic standard therapy) is effective for the prevention of those adverse effects in 70 to 80 % of patients. However, 25 to 40 % of the patients still suffer from vomiting and nausea in the delayed phase of the chemotherapy. Superior protection could be achieved with the addition of Aprepitant (EMEND®) to the antiemetic standard therapy in acute and delayed phases of highly emetogenic chemotherapies. The enhanced antiemetic protection can be maintained over multiple chemotherapy-cycles to an extent superior to that of standard therapy alone (de Wit et al., 2003). Furthermore addition of Aprepitant (EMEND®) to standard therapy was generally well tolerated and the impact of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) on daily life was significantly reduced (Hesketh et al., 2003; Dando & Perry, 2004). 2. Trial Rationale Aprepitant (EMEND®) is a selective high-affinity receptor antagonist of human substance P/neurokinin-1 (NK1) and has been shown to inhibit emesis induced by cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents and augments the antiemetic activity of 5-HT3 RAs (e.g. Granisetron, Ondansetron) and corticosteroids (e.g. Dexamethasone). Thus Aprepitant (EMEND®) in addition to antiemetic standard therapy has been shown to possess powerful superior protection and has been reported in several clinical trials to significantly improve both acute and delayed CINV. The aim of this study is to evaluate, during and up to 7 days after high-dose chemotherapy with Melphalan (moderate emetogenic drug) followed by autologous peripheral blood stemcell transplantation, an antiemetic treatment regimen in respect to efficacy and safety in patients with multiple myeloma. To the best of our knowledge effects of Aprepitant on Melphalan induced CINV have never been investigated.

Details
Condition Multiple Myeloma
Treatment Placebo, Emend
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00571168
SponsorHeidelberg University
Last Modified on7 November 2020

Eligibility

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note