Sirolimus-Based Immunosuppression Therapy in OLT for Patients With HCC Exceeding Milan Criteria

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    220
  • sponsor
    Fudan University
Updated on 7 November 2020
vascular invasion

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of sirolimus on outcome after OLT for HCC exceeding Milan criteria.

Description

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent cancers in Asia and Africa. Although the first-line therapy for HCC is liver resection, the concomitant cirrhosis often leaves orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) rather than liver resection as the only potentially curative option. The risk of recurrence is the major concern in patients transplanted for HCC. It has been demonstrated that utilizing more restrictive selection criteria before submitting cirrhotic patients with HCC to liver transplantation is associated with a better outcome. The Milan criteria (one nodule ≤5 cm or 2-3 nodules all <3 cm, without macroscopic vascular invasion and extrahepatic spreading)provide a simple means of selecting patients with HCC for transplantation with a low risk (≈10%) for recurrence. However, the benefit of OLT for patients with HCC within the Milan criteria is opposed by a critical organ shortage, which lengthens the waiting time and thus allows tumor progression during the waiting period. Nearly one third of patients who have a transplant for HCC fall outside the Milan criteria on the basis of pathological findings in the explanted liver, and had a higher risk of tumor recurrence.This led to a dramatic decline in overall and disease-free survival, from 71-85% to 40-50%, and from 65-78% to 27-30%, respectively. Although it can be hypothesized that the pharmacologic immunosuppression required after liver transplantation for HCC may be accelerated tumor recurrence and metastasis, recent reports have suggest that not all immunosuppressive drugs necessarily promote HCC recurrence in transplant recipients. Sirolimus has emerged as a new, potent immunosuppressive agent which unlike other immunosuppressants [cyclosporine (CsA), tacrolimus (FK506), and azathioprine (AZA)] has potent antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. The immunosuppressive and antitumor effects of sirolimus share a common mechanism of action. Sirolimus inhibits the mammalian target of sirolimus (mTOR), which prevents acute graft rejection mediated by interleukin-2 and could block other cytokine signal transduction, thus directly inhibits tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis. And the most important is that the antitumor activity of SRL has been shown at the same concentrations as maintenance target levels in posttransplant patients. Thus, it seems reasonable to speculate that sirolimus could simultaneously contribute to inhibition of tumor recurrence and preventing of rejection in OLT for patients with HCC.

Details
Condition HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA
Treatment Sirolimus
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00554125
SponsorFudan University
Last Modified on7 November 2020

Eligibility

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note