Testosterone Therapy in Men With Low Testosterone Levels and Metabolic Syndrome or Early Stages of Type 2 Diabetes

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    Karolinska Institutet
Updated on 7 November 2020
body mass index
systolic blood pressure
type 2 diabetes mellitus
impaired glucose tolerance
oral glucose tolerance test
insulin resistance
hemoglobin a1c
plasma glucose
central obesity
blood pressure diastolic


Men with metabolic syndrome often have lower than normal testosterone levels and low testosterone levels have been suggested to predispose for development of type2 diabetes. The aim of the study is to evaluate if normalisation of serum testosterone levels in men with metabolic syndrome (Abdominal obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and pre-diabetes or overt type diabetes)improves sensitivity to insulin and improves the signs of the metabolic syndrome


Background The metabolic syndrome constitutes a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease with increased morbidity and mortality. In essence the metabolic syndrome is referred to as a concomitant occurrence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, impaired glucose tolerance with insulin resistance and abdominal obesity. The presence of abdominal obesity seems to be a key factor in development of the metabolic derangements that occur and is a part of all different definitions that are currently used as diagnostic criteria's for the metabolic syndrome. A number of studies have verified a serious prognosis for males (and females) presenting with the abdominal obesity. The term metabolic syndrome alludes to a common mechanism behind the development of the different sings of this condition but so far the etiological interrelationship is not known. In males with the metabolic syndrome low serum testosterone levels is a common finding and data from some longitudinal studies suggest that low testosterone levels precedes the development of abdominal obesity and seem to facilitate later development of hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia. A few smaller studies have tested the hypothesis that testosterone therapy may have a beneficial metabolic effect in males with the metabolic syndrome and implicated that low testosterone levels is a part of disease facilitating factors in these males. Current study The current study "ARTinMMS" is an interventional phase IV study in males (30-70 years inclusive) with early stages of the metabolic syndrome defined as abdominal obesity, glucose intolerance or overt type 2 diabetes defined according to the criteria's suggested by the International Federation for Diabetes. The study is a 24 weeks randomized placebo controlled parallel group multi-centre study where males with serum testosterone levels below 12 nmol/L will be treated with testosterone/placebo (total duration of study including follow-up visit 26-27 weeks). The primary endpoint of the study is assessment of insulin sensitivity by measurement of fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels and calculated according to the QUICKI formula. In addition glucose tolerance will be tested with a standard oral glucose tolerance test as well as assessment of blood lipids and blood pressure. A total of 176 males will be recruited and randomized for the study after a screening procedure to verify eligibility for the study. Males who can participate must fulfil a series of inclusion and exclusion criteria, which in addition to the metabolic syndrome and low testosterone levels require HbA1c levels below 7,5%, stable blood pressure control and cholesterol levels below 8 mmol/L. Medical treatment for these conditions are accepted but diabetes treatment is limited to metformin. Before entering into the study and during the study males will be followed with blood tests and glucose tolerance assessment and physical examination. In all the study requires five clinical visits, Base-line observations and randomization visit, two visits during the treatment phase (after 12 and 23 weeks of therapy) and a follow-up visit after cessation of therapy. A few exploratory variables will be assess such as markers for changes in cholesterol metabolism, adiponectin and all subjects in the study will be characterized with genotype analysis of CAG repeat polymorphism of the androgen receptor. A subset of patients will be examined with CT of the abdomen to assess eventual changes in intra abdominal fat mass and liver attenuation. Safety procedures involve assessment of the prostate (digital rectal examination and PSA levels) and Hb levels at baseline and throughout the study. Study medication Males enrolled in the study will be treated with daily application of 7,5 g of a 1% testosterone hydroalcoholic gel (75 mg of testosterone applied on specified skin sites) or a placebo gel. Time plan The study is planned to start in q2 2007 at 12 different centres, in Austria, Germany and Sweden. Each centre is anticipated to recruit 10 -30 subjects during a 2 months period. To facilitate recruitment newspaper advertising and web based eligibility screening will be used if feasible. After an 1-3 weeks screening period eligible subjects are randomized to active or placebo therapy. Two evaluations are made during the treatment phase the first after 12 and the second after 24 weeks. Efficacy and safety assessments are performed at these visits. Competitive enrolment is used after the first six weeks of the recruitment period enabling all centres to recruit an up-front agreed number of subjects. Data capturing and laboratory routines A centralized internet based system will be used for data capturing, communication with the study staff and automatic entry of laboratory data. All laboratory analysis will be performed at or through a core laboratory (LFK in Kiel). A paper CRF will be used for primary entry of patient data which are subsequently transcribed into an electronic CRF. All study centres will be trained during the investigators meeting in management of the data capturing system

Condition Metabolic syndrome
Treatment Placebo, Transdermal testosterone therapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00479609
SponsorKarolinska Institutet
Last Modified on7 November 2020


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