Last updated on August 2009

Bone Marrow-derived Cells' Contribution to Tumor Formation and Inflammation

Brief description of study

The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship bone marrow-derived cells and the formation of the tumors, and the role of these cells in regeneration of epithelial cells in the gastrointestinal tract.

Detailed Study Description

Recent experimental studies showed that circulating bone marrow-derived stem cells contribute to the formation of cancers cells. However, it is not clear whether this is applicable to human beings or not. In addition, bone marrow-derived cells are considered to play a significant role in regeneration of inflamed epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal tract during graft versus host disease (GVHD), which sometimes occurs after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). On the other hand, it is well known that the incidence of solid tumors is significantly increased following bone marrow transplantation. One purpose of this study is to determine the role of bone marrow-derived cells in the tumor formation and acute or chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract in human beings, and the other is to discover early cancers of the gastrointestinal tract in the subjects received BMT by conducting surveillance for detecting second tumor, periodically. All subjects are the patients received allogeneic BMT in Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital for hematopoietic disorders. For determining the role of bone marrow-derived cells in the solid tumors and inflammation like GVHD, suitable candidates are females who received allogeneic BMT from male donors, because the most reliable marker of bone marrow-derived cells is identification of the Y chromosomes from the male donor in the tissue of female. For the early detection of gastrointestinal cancers, the subjects are confined to patients without recurrence of original disorder at least 1 year after BMT. They are scheduled to undergo a medical inspection using gastrointestinal endoscopy, periodically. When tumor or any other lesions are discovered, biopsy specimens are taken and proceed to pathological examination. According to the results, the patients will have proper treatments. The tissue specimens from the tumors or inflammation in female recipients from male donors are processed for Y fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis and immunocytochemistry using monoclonal antibodies such as cytokeratin, CD45 and so on. Procedure First of all, informed consent to this study should be gained from the subjects. Study 1: to determine the role of bone marrow-derived cells on inflammation such as GVHD 1. Subjects are female recipients from male donors. 2. When they have some symptoms suggesting acute or chronic GVHD, gastrointestinal endoscopy is conducted and biopsy specimens are taken from the lesions for the definite diagnosis and identification of bone marrow-derived cells. 3. Pathological investigation(Y-FISH etc.) is conducted using the tissue specimens. Study 2: to conduct surveillance for second malignancy and to determine the role of bone marrow-derived cells on the formation of the tumor 1. Subjects are confined to bone marrow recipients without the recurrence of the original disorder at least 1 year after BMT. 2. A medical inspection for gastrointestinal tract is performed using periodical endoscopy. 3. The tissue from tumors or any other lesions discovered are taken as biopsy specimen and processed for pathological examination. Regarding the female recipients from male donors, the same procedure as in the study 1 is taken for pathological study.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00452205

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