Cyproterone Acetate in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage III or Stage IV Prostate Cancer

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    St. Bartholomew's Hospital
Updated on 7 November 2020
endocrine therapy
hormone therapy
tumor progression


RATIONALE: Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Hormone therapy, such as cyproterone acetate may stop the adrenal glands from making androgens. Sometimes the tumor may not need treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient. It is not yet known whether giving cyproterone acetate continuously is more effective than giving cyproterone acetate after tumor progression in treating prostate cancer. PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying cyproterone acetate to compare how well it works when given continuously or after tumor progression in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage III or stage IV prostate cancer.


OBJECTIVES: Primary - Compare time to loss of androgen dependence, based on serum prostate-specific antigen failure, in patients with newly diagnosed stage III or IV prostate cancer treated with intermittent vs continuous androgen suppression comprising cyproterone acetate. - Compare time to treatment failure (subjective or objective progression) in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare quality of life of patients treated with these regimens. - Compare survival of patients treated with these regimens. Secondary - Compare the side effects in patients treated with these regimens. - Determine the first and total therapy-free intervals in patients treated with intermittent cyproterone acetate. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. All patients receive cyproterone acetate daily for 16 weeks. Patients also receive monthly injections of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist beginning in week 2 and continuing for 14 weeks. Patients with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of ≤ 4 ng/mL and who are asymptomatic at 14 weeks are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I (continuous maximum-androgen blockade): Patients receive cyproterone acetate daily and monthly LHRH agonist depot injections in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may also undergo orchidectomy. Quality of life is assessed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually thereafter. - Arm II (intermittent treatment): Patients are observed after randomization. Treatment with daily cyproterone acetate resumes if symptoms demand hormone treatment and patient has any PSA level OR if patient is asymptomatic and has a PSA level ≥ 20 ng/mL. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. If after 9 months of treatment, a PSA level of ≤ 4 ng/mL is not achieved or the patient remains symptomatic, treatment is discontinued. Quality of life is assessed every 6 months and when therapy is restarted. Pain and performance status are assessed at each visit in both treatment arms. After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 900 patients will be accrued for this study.

Condition Malignant neoplasm of prostate
Treatment quality-of-life assessment, gonadotrophin releasing hormone, cyproterone acetate
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00363285
SponsorSt. Bartholomew's Hospital
Last Modified on7 November 2020


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