Evaluation of Biochemical Markers and Clinical Investigation of Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    900
  • sponsor
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Updated on 14 September 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

This study will evaluate clinical and laboratory tests that might be useful in determining if an investigational drug can slow the progression of Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C (NPC), a genetic disorder that results in progressive loss of nervous system function. The study will:

  1. look for a clinical or biochemical marker that can be used as a measure of response to treatment, and 2) define the rate of progression of biochemical marker abnormalities in a group of NPC patients who will later be invited to enroll in a treatment trial.

Patients of any age with NPC may be eligible for this study. Participants undergo the following procedures every 6 months during 4- to 5-day admissions at the NIH Clinical Center.

  • Medical evaluation, including medical history, physical exam, neurological exam, neuropsychometric evaluation, and blood and urine tests.
  • Lumbar puncture (spinal tap): A sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord, is obtained for study. After administration of a local anesthetic, a small needle is inserted in the space between the bones in the lower back where the CSF circulates below the spinal cord. A small amount of fluid is collected through the needle.
  • Eye exam and eye movement study: The pupils of the eye are dilated to examine the structures of the eyes. For the eye movement study a special contact lens is placed on the eye and the patient looks at a series of target light spots moving on a screen.
  • Hearing tests.
  • Electroretinography (in patients who can cooperate with the test) to measure the function of the retina. Before the test, the patient's pupils are dilated and an electrode (small silver disk) is taped to the forehead. The patient sits in a dark room for 30 minutes and then a special contact lens is placed on one eye after it has been numbed with drops. The contact lens senses small electrical signals generated by the retina when lights flash. During the ERG recording, the eye is stimulated with flashes of light projected inside a hollow sphere. After the test, a full eye exam is done and photographs of the retina are taken.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This test uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce images of the brain and obtain information about brain chemicals. The patient lies on a table that can slide in and out of the scanner (a narrow cylinder), wearing earplugs to muffle loud knocking and thumping sounds that occur during the scanning process. Patients who cannot remain still in the scanner may be sedated for the test.
  • Psychometric testing: Patients complete questionnaires.
  • Photographs of the patient may be taken for use in teaching sessions or scientific presentations or publications, with the patient's consent. Patients may be recognizable, but are not identified by name.
  • Pregnancy test in all female patients over 10 years of age at the beginning of each admission to the Clinical Center.

Description

Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) is an autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of cholesterol and gangliosides. NPC is a rare (estimated prevalence of 1:120,000-150,000) neurodegenerative disorder with a wide clinical spectrum and a variable age of onset. Classically, children with NPC demonstrate neurological dysfunction with cerebellar ataxia, dysarthria, seizures, vertical gaze palsy, motor impairment, dysphagia, psychotic episodes, and progressive dementia. In general, adolescent and adult onset forms have a more insidious onset and slower progression.

There is no effective treatment for NPC and it is a lethal disorder. A major impediment to the testing of therapeutic interventions is the lack of well-defined outcome measures. The purpose of this protocol is to obtain both baseline and rate of progression data on clinical and biochemical markers that may later be used as an outcome measure in a clinical trial.

Details
Condition Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00344331
SponsorEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Last Modified on14 September 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

All patients with an established diagnosis of NPC (biochemical or molecular)
Affected Subjects
The following individuals may be enrolled as in this study
Both NPC1 and NPC2 patients
Patients of any age
Males or females
Any ethnic background

Exclusion Criteria

Individuals will not be enrolled in this study if
they cannot travel to the NIH because of their medical condition or are too ill to be cared for at home
they have rapidly progressive neonatal cholestasis
they are pregnant (a negative urine pregnancy test will be required for any menstruating female before participation in this study and at each NIH Clinical Center admission)
Unaffected Subjects
Individuals may be enrolled for biospecimen collection if
They are a known NPC1 or NPC2 heterozygote and consent to specimen collection (as specified in the protocol) from the carrier population
There is no diagnosis or suspicion of NPC disease and they consent to specimen collection (as specified in the protocol) from a control population
Individuals will not be enrolled for biospecimen collection if
Consent is not provided
They have a contraindication to the method of specimen collection
Patients will be excluded from the MRI section of the study if they have a contraindication
to MRI or if they do not meet the safety criteria established by the NIH Clinical Center
radiology department for MRI scanning
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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