A Non-interventional, Prospective, Open-label, Observational Study Evaluating the Effectiveness and Safety of Acalabrutinib (Calquence®) in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Receiving Direct Oral Anticoagulation (DOAC). (CICERO)

  • End date
    Apr 1, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
Updated on 25 October 2022


The goal of CICERO is to investigate the clinical outcome with a particular focus on prospective data on safety using acalabrutinib (+/- obinutuzumab) in CLL patients receiving co-medication with DOACs (edoxaban, rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban) irrespective of treatment line.


The non-interventional study (NIS) CICERO will collect real-world data to explore acalabrutinib (+/- obinutuzumab) in adult CLL patients (irrespective of treatment line) who receive co-medication with DOACs. The primary focus of the study is to investigate the incidence proportion of bleeding events. Due to the mostly elderly CLL patient population, CLL patients often suffer from multiple cardiovascular comorbidities including atrial fibrillation (AF), deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) which make anticoagulation mandatory.

Up to now, no systematic and prospective evaluation on interactions of BTKis and DOACs has been conducted.

In Order to assess bleeding events, a questionnaire will be used to document if bleeding events occurred in-between visits in routine care. Patients will be asked at each visit if distinct events occurred in the time between the last visit until the current visit and discuss the questionnaire with the physician to determine of any (S)AE occurred until end of acalabrutinib treatment.

Condition CLL
Treatment Calquence
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05517265
Last Modified on25 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

years of age or older
Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and decision for treatment with acalabrutinib (+/- obinutuzumab) according to current SmPC as assessed by the treating physician or already started treatment with acalabrutinib (+/- obinutuzumab) according to current SmPC no longer than 6 weeks ago
Other concomitant disease resulting in medical need of or already under treatment with direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) treatment with edoxaban (Lixiana®) or rivaroxaban (Xarelto®) or dabigatran (Pradaxa®) or apixaban (Eliquis®) according to the respective current SmPC
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
Signed, written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Combination of acalabrutinib with other substances than obinutuzumab for CLL treatment
Participation in an interventional clinical trial with acalabrutinib
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