Ultrasonographic Morphology Assessment of Low-grade Carotid Stenosis (QUAMUS)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 25, 2023
  • participants needed
    83
  • sponsor
    Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Toulon La Seyne sur Mer
Updated on 25 October 2022
atherosclerosis
stenosis
clot
calcium
stroke
arterial disease

Summary

Internal carotid artery (ICA) is intended to supply blood to brain. The carotid bulb located upstream of ICA origin is prone to atherosclerosis. This is an accumulation of fat and calcium in the wall forming a plaque that gradually thickens and leads to carotid stenosis (CS), which causes a decrease in blood flow. The risk of CS is stroke caused either by carotid artery thrombosis (occlusion) or by atherosclerotic plaque fragmentation, some components of which may leak into the brain (embolism).

When diagnosing CS, an Echo-Doppler is performed to determine bulb and ICA origin obstruction rates. The reference method of quantifying CS is based on hemodynamic criteria that only allow the diagnosis of high grade stenosis thresholds (50%-70%). Below 50%, low-grade stenosis, patient follow-up is limited and could be based on morphological criteria; ultrasound imaging being a reference technique for human body structures morphological assessment, especially vessels.

Two methods of CS morphological quantification with Doppler ultrasound currently exist. Calibre reduction at the maximum of stenosis can be measured by relating the smallest luminal diameter to the vessel diameter at stenosis site (ECST method) or to the downstream ICA diameter (NASCET method). As bulb diameter measures ≈1.8 times that of ICA, ECST appears to be more suitable for CS quantification. For high-grade stenosis, morphological quantification performance is impaired due to extensive calcification of large atheromatous plaques. However, it is possible that less calcified nature of low-grade stenosis and the use of a rigorous methodology will allow reproducible assessment in routine practice. This technique has not yet been evaluated, although it is a frequent situation in patient follow-up.

Description

Internal carotid artery is intended to supply blood to brain. The carotid bulb located upstream of internal carotid artery origin is prone to atherosclerosis. This is an accumulation of fat and calcium in the wall, forming a plaque which gradually thickens and leads to carotid stenosis, causing a reduction in blood flow. The risk of carotid stenosis is stroke caused either by carotid artery thrombosis (occlusion) or by atherosclerotic plaque fragmentation, some components of which may leak into the brain (embolism).

When carotid stenosis is diagnosed, an Echo-Doppler is performed to determine the bulb and internal carotid artery origin obstruction rates. The reference method for quantifying carotid stenosis is based on hemodynamic criteria that only allow the diagnosis of high grade stenosis thresholds (50%-70%). Below 50%, low-grade stenosis, patient follow-up is limited and could be based on morphological criteria; ultrasound imaging being a reference technique for human body structures morphological assessment, especially vessels.

Two methods of carotid stenosis morphological quantification with Doppler ultrasound currently exist. Calibre reduction at the maximum of stenosis can be measured by relating the smallest luminal diameter to the vessel diameter at stenosis site ("European Carotid Surgical Trial" (ECST), European method) or to the downstream internal carotid artery diameter ("North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial" (NASCET), North American method). As bulb diameter measures ≈1.8 times that of the internal carotid artery, the NASCET appears to be more suitable for carotid stenosis quantification. For high-grade stenosis, morphological quantification performance is impaired due to extensive calcification of large atheromatous plaques. However, it is possible that less calcified nature of low-grade stenosis and the use of a rigorous methodology will allow reproducible assessment in routine practice.

This technique has not yet been evaluated although it is a frequent situation in patient follow-up. This study therefore suggests to evaluate the inter-observer reproducibility of morphological quantification of these stenosis by the ECST method with a precise methodology.

Details
Condition Carotid Stenosis
Treatment Independent morphological quantifications by echo-doppler using ECST method
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05437991
SponsorCentre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Toulon La Seyne sur Mer
Last Modified on25 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Outpatient referred for Echo-Doppler exploration of the neck vessels
Patient 18 years of age or older
Atheromatous arterial disease with stenosis < 50% (maximum systolic velocity < 125 cm/sec for an angle of 50-60°) in at least one carotid artery

Exclusion Criteria

Patient refusal
Unavailability of two physicians to perform examination
Patient under judicial protection (guardianship, curators...) or justice safeguard
Pregnant, parturient or breastfeeding woman
Any other reason that could interfere with study objectives evaluation in the investigator opinion
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