Riociguat (BAY 63-2521), a Stimulator of Soluble Guanylate Cyclase (sGC) - Cerebral Vasodilation and Headache Induction in Healthy Volunteers

  • End date
    Jan 1, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Danish Headache Center
Updated on 24 October 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over clinical trial aims to investigate the effects of riocigaut on cerebral arteries and headache inducing properties in healthy volunteers.


The investigators believe that activation of sGC could play a role in migraine pathophysiology and propose that stimulation with riociguat causes cranial arterial dilation alongside headache in healthy volunteers.

Twelve healthy volunteers participate at a screening visit, and if eligible, on two separate study days, where participants, in a randomized cross-over fashion, will ingest either riociguat (active comparator arm) or placebo (placebo comparator arm), serving as their own controls. On the two separate study days the investigators will measure change in diameter of superficial temporal artery and middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity and register possible headache until 4 hours after intake of riociguat or placebo. At home participants are expected to fill out a headache diary until 12 hours from intake of riociguat or placebo.

Leading up to the main study described above, the investigators will conduct a pilot dose-finding study (experimental arm) of increasing doses of riociguat, 2,5mg and 5mg respectively, on two separate study days in 5 healthy volunteers, to ensure an appropriate dose is applied in the main study.

Condition Headache
Treatment Placebo, Riociguat, Dose Riociguat 2,5 or 5mg
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05582811
SponsorDanish Headache Center
Last Modified on24 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Ability to provide written informed consent and receive participant privacy and rights information
Male or female participants aged 18-45 years
Weight between 50-100kg

Exclusion Criteria

Any current or previous known primary or secondary headache disorder(s) apart from tension type headache ≤ 1 day per month
Headache <48 hours before study start
Daily use of any medication except contraceptives. Specifically use of nitrates or nitric oxide donors or phosphodiesterase inhibitors
Intake of any pro necessitate medication later than 4 times plasma half-life for the specific drug before study start, except for contraceptives
Women of child-bearing potential not currently using safe contraceptives. Women of child-bearing potential does not include hysterectomized women and women who have been in menopause for at least 2 years. Safe contraceptives include either IUD, birth control pills, surgical sterilization of the woman, depositary gestagen, barrier prevention or sexual abstinence
Pregnant or breastfeeding women
Positive pregnancy urin screening on screening day or study days
A medical history or clinical signs of
Hypertension (systolic blood pressure >140mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure >90mmHg)
Hypotension (systolic blood pressure <100mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure <50mmHg)
Electrocardiogram (ECG) with any clinically significant abnormalities at screening
determined by the investigator, including but not limited to, prolonged PQ or
QTc interval, signs of arrythmias, ischemia or left/right ventricle
Blood work at screening with signs of anemia
Blood work at screening with signs of abnormal kidney and liver function
A medical history or clinical signs of cardiovascular disease including cerebrovascular disease
A medical history or clinical signs of pulmonary disease
A medical history or clinical signs of liver, renal, gastrointestinal, endocrine, hematological or neurological disease
A medical history or clinical signs of psychiatric illness or substance abuse
A medical history or clinical signs of drug or alcohol abuse
A medical history or clinical signs of disease of any origin that the investigative doctor finds relevant for participation in the study
A family history of severe cardiac disease
Any history of hypersensitivity to riociguat
Subjects who do not want information about crucial pathological findings during the study
Clear my responses

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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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