Effect of Adding Systematic Desensitization to Goal Directed Paradigm on Risk of Falling in Patients With Stroke

  • End date
    Jul 1, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    October 6 University
Updated on 21 October 2022


Stroke is the leading cause of disability in the elderly . The most common manifestations of stroke are deficits in motor control that involve abnormal synergistic organization of movements, muscle weakness, sensory deficits, and loss of range of motion. Poor posture, which is one of its main symptoms, affects falls or injured falls.

Fear of falling is a psychological condition associated with balance disorders and fall risks after a stroke.


Fear of falling can result in avoidance behavior, leading to inactivity and social isolation, and further exacerbate disability in stroke populations Systematic desensitization , one of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), is a psychotherapeutic intervention designed to modify unrealistic beliefs that can contribute to negative emotions and behavior. Fear of falling could result from accurate perceptions of impaired balance ability and unrealistic beliefs about one's risk of falling.

Systematic desensitization may alter these self-defeating beliefs and thus reduce fear-avoidance behavior and the associated adverse consequences, such as limited social participation and is effective in reducing the fear of falling among older individuals Goal-directed training is an activity-based approach to therapy. Meaningful, client-selected goals are used to provide opportunities for problem solving and to indirectly drive the movements required to successfully meet the task demands. This is in contrast to interventions that focus on changing body functions. The approach is based on the dynamic systems motor control theory and occupation-based therapy models, which suggest that movement patterns emerge from the interaction between the person's abilities, environment and the goal. Four components provide the basis for goal-directed training: (1) selection of a meaningful goal; (2) analysis of baseline performance; (3) intervention/ practice regime; and (4) evaluation of outcome.

Condition Stroke
Treatment Systematic Desensitization
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05581537
SponsorOctober 6 University
Last Modified on21 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Both genders will be involved
Duration of the disease is more than 3 months
Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke will be included
Left sided hemiparesis
Hemiparetic patient, degree of spasticity for upper and lower limbs ranges from (grade 1+ : 2 ) according to modified Aschworth scale
Patient's age ranges from 45 to 60 years
Patient's ability to stand independently for at least 5 minutes without the use of an assistive device
Patients with sufficient cognitive abilities that enables them to understand and follow instructions (The Montreal Cognitive Assessment score >26) (Appendix II)
Body mass index for patients will not be more than 30

Exclusion Criteria

Neurological diseases that affect gait other than stroke (eg: Multiple sclerosis, Peripheral neuropathy, Parkinsonism etc.)
Musculoskeletal disorders such as severe arthritis, knee surgery, total hip joint replacement, lower limb fractures less than 6 months or contractures of fixed deformity, leg length discrepancy
Cardiovascular problems (unstable angina, recent myocardial infarction within the last three months, congestive heart failure, significant heart valve dysfunction, or unstable hypertension) or pulmonary disorders
Visual, auditory and speech problems
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