A Real-world Comparison of FNB and FNA in ICH-required Lesions: A Prospective, Multicenter Study.

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Updated on 2 February 2023


Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needles with side fenestrations are used to collect aspirates for cytology analysis and biopsy samples for histologic analysis. The investigators conducted a large, multicenter study to compare the accuracy of diagnosis via specimens collected with fine-needle biopsy (FNB) versus fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for patients with lesions requiring immunohistochemistry (IHC) pathological diagnosis.


Current guidelines recommend FNA and FNB needles equally for pancreatic and other deep-seated lesions. However, some studies indicate that the sample adequacy for histologic evaluation is higher when using FNB compared with FNA needles. The diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumor (NET), autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), and other gastrointestinal stromal tumors require high-quality tissue sampling for IHC diagnosis. Whether FNB is superior to FNA in these IHC-required lesions remains unclear.

The investigatorsperformed this at 2 tertiary care centers in China. The study prospectively collected patients undergoing EUS for a solid mass (>1 cm) in the pancreas, abdomen, mediastinum, or pelvic cavity from December 2014 diagnosed with AIP, NET, or GIST. Patients were assigned to FNB or FNA groups according to doctors' and patients' willingness in a real-world setting. All procedures were performed by experienced endosonographers; cytologists and pathologists were blinded to the sample collection method. Patients were followed for at least 48 weeks, and final diagnoses were obtained after surgery, imaging analysis, or resolution of the lesion. The primary aim was to compare diagnostic yields of EUS-FNA with EUS-FNB for all solid masses, then separately as AIP, NET, and GIST masses. The secondary endpoint was the quality of the histologic specimen.

Condition Neuroendocrine Tumors, Autoimmune Pancreatitis, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Treatment FNB group, FNA group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05565066
SponsorHuazhong University of Science and Technology
Last Modified on2 February 2023

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note