Vestibular Function and Quality of Life in Patients After Cochlear Implantation

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 15, 2024
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Charles University, Czech Republic
Updated on 15 October 2022

Summary

A hearing loss is condition which significantly affects the quality of life. The prevalence of the hearing disorders is relatively high due to many conditions which may result in a deafness. In those cases where hearing aids are not a sufficient solution to these difficulties, cochlear implantation is the standard treatment. It has been more than 30 years since the first implantation in the Czech Republic. These days it is common surgical procedure for adults and even children and it replaces, at least in part, the function of the hair cells that are no longer able to stimulate the primary auditory neurons.. Recent studies have reported that cochlear implant does not affect only hearing, but also other functions of the inner ear - the vestibular system resulting in stability and spatial orientation. Postural control is provided by coordination of movement strategies and sensory functions. If one ore more of these components are compromised postural instability appears. Instability is one of the most common causes of reduced quality of life. The deaf are characterized by their compensatory mechanisms, where visual system dominates over somatosensory and vestibular. After the cochlear implantation the postural behavior and compensations are changing apparently. The investigators assume that these mechanisms can be affected by vestibular rehabilitation. The purpose of this projet, will be to evaluate whether electrical stimulation of the eighth cranial nerve also affects vestibular functions and determine if the stimulaton changes postural stability and created compensations.

Description

The patient undergoes a comprehensive examination of posture, stability of standing in 10 different conditions, stability of standing with sound stimulation, visual vertical examination and evaluation of the current mental state and subjective perception of difficulties through a questionnaire survey. All will be repeated four times at regular intervals. The investigators examine the patient before the surgery, 1 day after the surgery, 2-3 weeks afer it when the surgeons expect a stabilization of the postoperative condition, and with a gap of at least 6 months after the surgery, when the patient has already completed the adjustment of the speech processor and the compensation has been already created. Standing stability will be evaluated for 30 s in 10 different conditions with eyes open/closed eyes, with or without the foam, in a neutral head position/with an extended head, in a supine standing position/in tandem. The examination room include audio technology for playing sound, thanks to which the examinators can also assess the influence of sound perception and cognitive processes on maintaining stability during the measurement. The investigators will perform the stimulation while standing without visual control on the foam in 6 different sound conditions. With the speech processor on and off, with the white noise, spoken words in Czech language, for the patient completly foreign language (Finnish, or Chinese) and focused listening (simulated dual tasking) with control question at the end of the stimulation. Another method will be the examination of the perception of the subjective visual vertical. This is considered as a sensitive tool to detect asymmetric function of the labyrinths. The testing is in sitting position and controlled by a joystick move a straight line projected on a widescreen 2 meters infront of the participant. The examination is in static and dynamic mode, when during the dynamic examination, optokinetic stimulation occurs, which makes difficult to determine the vertical position. Standardized questionnaires will be used to evaluate subjectively perceived difficulties, quality of life and occurrence of psychological problems related to postural instability and underwent surgery.

Details
Condition Cochlear Implantation
Treatment Posturography
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05547113
SponsorCharles University, Czech Republic
Last Modified on15 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

patients who meet the demanding indication criteria for cochlear implantation (include an ENT examination, audiometry, neurological examination, examination by a clinical speech therapist and by a psychologist and CT examination of the temporal bones) also meet the conditions for inclusion into the study

Exclusion Criteria

the presence of diseases of the load-bearing joints of the limbs
the presence of diseases of peripheral nervous system or muscle disease
the presence of disease of vision which would make visual fixation impossible
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