Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement For Patients With Bicuspid Aortic Stenosis (Type 0) Using Down Sizing Strategy Compared With Standard Sizing Strategy (HANGZHOU Solution): A Prospective, Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial (TAILOR-TAVR)

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2029
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Updated on 17 October 2022


To compare down sizing strategy versus annular sizing strategy technique (control group) in Type 0 bicuspid aortic stenosis (AS) patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with self-expanding valves (SEVs): a randomized superiority trial


Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has emerged as a favorable alternative for severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) patients of all surgical risk profiles. Patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) underwent TAVR had similar 30-day mortality as well as stroke and new pacemaker implantation rates compared to tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) subjects, but carried higher risk of moderate/severe perivalvular leakage (PVL), conversion to surgery and device failure. Clinical experience in China suggests BAV and heavy calcium burden are more common among TAVR candidates than US/EU cohorts.

Morphological characteristics at supra-annular structure (from annulus to the level of sinotubular junction) are quite complex in BAV, especially concomitant with heavily calcified leaflets. From our previous single center clinical practice, "waist sign" above the annulus during balloon aortic valvuloplasty in TAVR was often observed in patients with bicuspid AS, suggesting that supra-annular structures are the most constrained portion of BAV anatomy where the prosthesis anchors and seals. Therefore, we developed a balloon based supra-annular sizing strategy for self-expanding valves implantation in BAV and the device failure rate as well as pacemaker implantation rates were relatively low as shown in previous cohort study. Several other studies have also achieved successful outcomes associated with device "down sizing" (using a device smaller than that recommended by annular sizing).

The aim of this study is to compare "down sizing"strategy (experimental group) versus annular sizing strategy (control group) in BAV patients undergoing TAVR with self-expanding valves.

Condition Aortic Stenosis With Bicuspid Valve
Treatment TAVR for BAV Using Down Sizing with the Evolut Pro platform, TAVR for BAV Using Traditional Sizing strategy with the Evolut Pro platform
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05511792
SponsorSecond Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Last Modified on17 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age ≥ 65 years
Age <65 years and age ≥ 60 years with high surgical risk after combing STS Risk Estimate (≥ 8%), Katz activities of Daily Living, major Organ System Dysfunction and Procedure-Specific Impediment
Severe, bicuspid aortic stenosis: Mean gradient ≥40 mmHg OR Maximal aortic valve velocity ≥4.0 m/sec OR Aortic valve area ≤1.0 cm2 (or aortic valve area index of ≤0.6 cm2/m2); if SVi <35mL/m2, low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography is required
NYHA classification ≥ II
Type 0 (Sievers classification) by MDCT
Perimeter-derived annulus diameter ranges from 20.0 mm to 26.0 mm
Candidate for Transfemoral TAVR
The study patient has been informed of the nature of the study, agrees to its provisions and has provided written informed consent as approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Ethics Committee (EC) of the respective clinical site

Exclusion Criteria

Any contra-indication for Self-expanding bioprosthetic aortic valve deployment Leukopenia (WBC < 3000 cell/mL), acute anemia (Hgb < 9 g/dL), Thrombocytopenia (Plt< 50,000 cell/mL)
Active sepsis, including active bacterial endocarditis with or without treatment
Evidence of an acute myocardial infarction ≤ 1 month (30 days) before the intended treatment [(defined as: Q wave MI, or non-Q wave MI with total CK elevation of CK-MB ≥ twice normal in the presence of MB elevation and/or troponin level elevation (WHO definition)]
Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 3 months (90 days) of the procedure
Estimated life expectancy < 12 months (365 days) due to carcinomas, chronic liver disease, chronic renal disease or chronic end stage pulmonary disease
Any Emergent surgery required before TAVR procedure
A known hypersensitivity or contraindication to any of the following that cannot be adequately medicated:aspirin or heparin (HIT/HITTS) and bivalirudin; clopidogrel; Nitinol (titanium or nickel); contrast media
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding that would preclude anticoagulation
Subject refuses a blood transfusion
Severe dementia (resulting in either inability to provide informed consent for the study/procedure, prevents independent lifestyle outside of a chronic care facility, or will fundamentally complicate rehabilitation from the procedure or compliance with follow-up visits)
Other medical, social, or psychological conditions that in the opinion of the investigator precludes the subject from appropriate consent or adherence to the protocol required follow-up exams
Currently participating in an investigational drug or another device study (excluding registries)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM with myocardium more than 1.5cm without an identifiable cause) with obstruction (HOCM)
Echocardiographic evidence of intracardiac mass, thrombus or vegetation
Severe mitral stenosis amenable to surgical replacement or repair
Aortic valve type cannot be determined (Sievers classification)
Significant aortic disease, including marked tortuosity (hyperacute bend), aortic arch atheroma [especially if thick (> 5 mm), protruding or ulcerated] or narrowing (especially with calcification and surface irregularities) of the abdominal or thoracic aorta, severe"unfolding" and horizontal aorta(Annular Angulation>70°)
Ascending aorta diameter > 50 mm
Aortic or iliofemoral vessel characteristics that would preclude safe placement of the introducer sheath
Patient is considered high risk for TAVR by CT corelab, including coronary obstruction, annular rupture and other severe TAVR-Related complications
Previous pacemaker implantation
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note