Using Virtual Reality Technology to Improve Patient Experience and Quality of Care During Brachytherapy

  • End date
    Dec 19, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Arkansas
Updated on 7 October 2022


The primary objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating VR distraction into the brachytherapy and radiotherapy clinical workflow.

The secondary objective is to determine if VR distraction during brachytherapy treatment for cervical cancer improves subjects' satisfaction, procedural/acute pain, and need for analgesics or anxiolytics.


This will be a prospective pilot study conducted at UAMS. All subjects will experience VR distraction using a crossover design in which each subject receives four rounds of brachytherapy: two rounds with VR distraction and two rounds without VR distraction. Brachytherapy will be conducted per SoC workflow. Subjects will be placed into four treatment-sequence groups in a 1:1:1:1 allocation ratio via permuted block randomization with randomized block sizes of four or eight.

The four treatment-sequence groups will follow the four-session treatment schedules outlined below, in which "V" denotes the sessions when VR distraction is used while "N" denotes the sessions when it is not:

  • Sequence Group A will be treated according to schedule VVNN.
  • Sequence Group B will be treated according to schedule VNNV.
  • Sequence Group C will be treated according to schedule NNVV.
  • Sequence Group D will be treated according to schedule NVVN.

Condition Endocervical Cancer
Treatment The Oculus Quest 2 Virtual Reality Headset
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05440760
SponsorUniversity of Arkansas
Last Modified on7 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Female, ≥ 18 years of age
Histopathologic diagnosis of gynecologic cancer (endometrial, cervical, vaginal, vulvar) that requires intracavitary brachytherapy with a tandem or interstitial brachytherapy
Able to provide written consent

Exclusion Criteria

Severe vision or hearing problems that may hinder the ability to see or hear clearly through the VR headset or other condition that may interfere with the placement of the VR headset such as a head, ear or facial wound
History of seizure disorder, severe motion sickness, dizziness, or migraine headaches precipitated by visual auras
Known history of elevated intraocular pressure
Claustrophobia, thalassophobia, cleithrophobia or similar phobias
Any other significant medical or psychiatric conditions which, in the opinion of the enrolling investigator, may interfere with consent or compliance of the treatment regimen
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