Brunnstrom Movement Therapy Versus Mirror Therapy on Hand Function in Stroke

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Riphah International University
Updated on 3 June 2023


This study will be randomized clinical trial. Non Probability consecutive sampling technique will be used. Data will be collected from patients having stroke by using tools i.e Fugl-Meyer assessment: wrist and hand (FMA- WH) and Brunnstrom Hand Manipulation (BRS-H). Those who will meet inclusion criteria will be recruited. An informed consent will be taken from all patients. The recruited subjects will be assessed according to outcome measures. Patients will be divided into 2 groups. Group A will be treated with Brunnstrom Movement Therapy plus Conventional therapy for 1 hour, 3 sessions per week (4 weeks) and Group B will be treated with Mirror Therapy plus Conventional therapy for 45 min, 3 sessions per week ( 4 weeks) 5 movements, 10 repetitions. Outcome measures will be measured at baseline, 2 weeks and after 4 weeks. Data analysis will be done by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 25.


Stroke commonly known as Cerebro-Vascular Accident (CVA), is stated as a sudden commencement of neurological discrepancy which is attributable to a pivotal vascular basis. In modest words, it is a "brain attack", which occurs when the brain fails to get adequate blood circulation, as a result, brain cells do not get a sufficient amount of oxygen, and cells start dying ultimately. Brunnstrom movement therapy uses reflexes to develop movement behavior through sensory stimulation, in order to inhibit spasticity and movement retraining to enhance recovery. Mirror therapy (MT) in stroke patients involves performing unimpaired limb movements while observing there reflection of the mirror overlapping the impaired limb, creating a visual illusion of increased movement capacity in the impaired limb.

In previous researches, various conventional and contemporary approaches such as Brunnstrom, and Mirror therapy have been used to rehabilitate the hand after stroke in clinical settings. Previous literature was focus on digital and other conventional methods. However, despite a revolution in the number of therapeutic protocols, evidence of efficacy remains limited. Both BHM and MT have been studied separately to evaluate their respective effectiveness. However, no study has been found comparing the two protocols exclusively for hand motor recovery.

Condition Stroke
Treatment Mirror Therapy, Brunnstrom movement therapy.
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05392543
SponsorRiphah International University
Last Modified on3 June 2023

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