Clinical Study Protocol of Venetoclax Combined With Azacitidine and Harringtonine in the Treatment of sAML

  • End date
    Sep 30, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Updated on 4 October 2022


This research is being done to assess the therapeutic efficacy and safety of a promising regimen (Venetoclax combined with Azacitidine and Harringtonine) in patients with secondary AML

This study involves the following:

Venetoclax combined with Azacitidine and Harringtonine


This is an open-label,single center, clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Venetoclax in combination with Azacitidine and Harringtonine in patients with sAML

The FDA has approved the combination therapy of Venetoclax and Decitabine/Azacitidine for elderly (> 60-year-old) patients with newly diagnosed AML not eligible for intensive chemotherapy. Venetoclax is an inhibitor of BCL-2 (B-cell lymphoma 2, a protein that initiates tumor growth, disease progression, and drug resistance), which can lead to cancer cell death.

Homoharringtonine (HHT), a plant alkaloid with antitumor properties originally identified nearly 40 years ago, has a unique mechanism of action by preventing the initial elongation step of protein synthesis. HHT has been used widely in China for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)

Participants will receive 1-2 cycles of intensive treatment and followed with consolidated therapy with the same regimen of 4-6 cycles.If CR is not achieved by induction therapy, re-induction therapy can be continued, and those who have not achieved CR after re-induction therapy will withdraw from the study. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) if the patient meets the criteria for transplantation during treatment and a suitable donor exists After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up every 3 months for up to 2 years.

It is expected that about 30 people will take part in this research study.

Condition Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Treatment Venetoclax;Azacitidine;Homoharringtonine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05513131
SponsorThe First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

) Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) newly diagnosed by bone marrow morphology and immunophenotyping (in line with the WHO 2016 diagnostic criteria), and meet any of the following conditions
Patients with treatment-related AML (tAML)
AML patients with a previous history of MDS or CMML
AML patients with myelodysplasia-related cytogenetic abnormalities; 2) Age ≥ 18 years old, and age < 80 years old; 3) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score ≤2; 4) Aspartate aminotransferase (ALT), alanine aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 3 × upper limit of normal (ULN), serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN; serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 × ULN; Serum myocardial enzyme <2.0×ULN; 5) LVEF determined by echocardiography ≥50%; Obtain informed consent signed by the patient or legal representative

Exclusion Criteria

) AML with central nervous system (CNS) infiltration; 2) Acute promyelocytic leukemia confirmed by bone marrow morphology or immunophenotyping; 3) Have received Venetoclax treatment in the past; 4) Those who are known to be allergic to any drugs or other ingredients in the program; 5) Currently suffering from active autoimmune disease or a history of autoimmune disease potentially involving the CNS; 6) Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; 7) Known history of active hepatitis B or C (HBV, HCV) infection; 8) Pregnant women and women who are trying to conceive; 9) Suffering from severe and/or uncontrolled mental illness; 10) Any life-threatening disease, health condition, or organ system dysfunction that the investigator believes may compromise the safety of the subject, or create an undue risk to the research results; 11) Received major surgery within 4 weeks before randomization; Participate in other clinical investigators at the same time one month before enrollment
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