Impact of Group Participation on Adults With Aphasia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 15, 2024
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    University of Arkansas
Updated on 7 October 2022

Summary

The purpose of the study is to examine the impact of group participation on adults with aphasia. Participants will complete a standard pre-and post-assessment of language abilities (speech, comprehension, reading, and/or writing). Then participants will attend 90-minute weekly reading group sessions during an academic semester.

Description

The objective of this research is to determine if attendance in groups positively impacts language skills, activity/participation, and/or quality of life in persons with aphasia.

This study will employ a university-clinic based outpatient group to administer language intervention. The specific aims of this study are to determine if group participation improves (1) life participation as measured by self-report questionnaires, (2) intervention-specific language skills as measured by treatment-related measures (e.g., reading comprehension and written expression), and (3) performance on non-treated language test scores as measured by a language assessment battery.

Participants will complete 4-5 individual testing sessions (e.g., initial assessment and pre-/post-testing), 7-12 group sessions (90-minute weekly reading group session), and 7-12 independent sessions at home (e.g., completion of weekly reading assignments).

The participants will read through a designated book incrementally across multiple weeks. The activities completed during the group sessions will focus on improving reading comprehension and written expression skills. Participants will read assigned passages at home and during the group sessions. Participants will complete a Copy and Recall Treatment (CART) worksheet independently to facilitate improvements in writing keywords related to the reading materials. CART involves copying target words and progresses to writing words from recall (Beeson, et al.). Participants will complete a reading comprehension worksheet and engage in discussion regarding the assigned book chapter.

Reading comprehension and written expression data will be collected and analyzed to compare the pre-treatment baseline performance from the first treatment session to the post-treatment performance from the last treatment session. Pre-and post-testing scores will be analyzed to investigate the change in scores across the 2-time points to determine the relative effectiveness of book club participation for improving reading comprehension, written expression, and life participation.

Details
Condition Aphasia, Acquired, Stroke, Rehabilitation, Language Disorder, Acquired
Treatment Language intervention with group sessions and independent tasks with emphasis on improving reading and writing skills among persons with aphasia
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05520528
SponsorUniversity of Arkansas
Last Modified on7 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 18 years or older
Pre-morbid proficient speaker of English
Diagnosis of adult-onset aphasia
Vision and hearing sufficient to complete assessments

Exclusion Criteria

No history of childhood speech or language difficulties
No history of major psychiatric illness, cognitive impairment, or neurological disorders such as seizures
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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