Phase II Study of Regorafenib and Toripalimab Combined With RFA in Patients With CRCLM

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Sun Yat-sen University
Updated on 4 October 2022


The incidence of colorectal cancer liver metastasis is high and the prognosis is poor. Improving the treatment effect of colorectal cancer liver metastasis is the key to improving the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients. Rigofenib is one of the standard third-line treatments for advanced colorectal cancer, but has limited efficacy. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (PD-L1 monoclonal antibody, PD-1 monoclonal antibody) have achieved good results in the treatment of various malignant tumors. In a mouse transplant tumor model of colorectal cancer, regorafenib combined with PD-1 monoclonal antibody treatment significantly improved the antitumor activity, but the efficacy rate in clinical studies was not very high, especially for liver metastases. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is one of the common methods for the treatment of liver metastases. RFA may improve the immune microenvironment and the efficacy of immunotherapy,and the purpose of this trial is to explore the efficacy and safety of rigofenib and terepliumab combined with RFA in patients with refractory colorectal cancer liver metastasis.

Condition Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases
Treatment Radiofrequency ablation, Regorafenib and Toripalimab Combination
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05485909
SponsorSun Yat-sen University
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Males and females aged ≥18 years
Histologically or cytologically confirmed colon or rectal adenocarcinoma, with unresectable relapsed or metastatic disease
Microsatellite stability (MSS) or microsatellite instability-low (MSI-L), or proficient expression of DNA mismatch repair gene (pMMR)
Patients who have failed, or can not tolerate after previous systemic treatment for relapsed or metastatic colorectal cancer, with no more than 3 months for disease progression after the last systemic treatment. The systemic treatment must contain fluorouracil, oxaliplatin and irinotecan, with or without targeted therapy (bevacizumab, cetuximab, and so on)
According to the RECIST 1.1 standard, in addition to the lesion to be ablated and the measurable lesion outside the liver, there is at least one measurable lesion in the liver. Measurable lesions were defined as non-lymph node lesions with the longest single diameter ≥ 10 mm, or lymph node lesions with a short diameter ≥ 15 mm
ECOG score 0-1
Expected survival ≥3 months
Good organ function (without blood transfusion, use of hematopoietic stimulating factors, or transfusion of albumin or blood products within 14 days prior to examination)
)Platelet (PLT) count ≥100,000 /mm3; 2) Neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500 /mm3; 3) Hemoglobin
(Hb) level ≥9.0 g/dl; 4) International normalized ratio (INR) ≤1.5; 5) Prothrombin time
(PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) ≤1.5×ULN; 6) Total bilirubin (TBIL)
level ≤1.5×ULN; 7) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
level ≤2.5×ULN (≤5×ULN in case of liver metastasis); 8) Alkaline phosphatase level ≤2.5×ULN
(≤5×ULN in case of liver metastasis); 9) Serum creatinine (Cr) level ≤1.5×ULN and
creatinine clearance ≥60 ml/min; 10) Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) ≤ULN; 11) Normal
serum free thyroid hormone (T4); 12) Normal serum free triiodothyronine (T3); 13) Serum
amylase ≤1.5×ULN; 15) Lipase ≤1.5×ULN
Females of child bearing age must have a negative pregnancy test, and have to take
contraception measures and avoid breast feeding during the study and for 3 months after the
last dose; male subjects must agree to taken contraception measures during the study and
for 3 months after the last dose
Able to understand and willing to sign written informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of any other malignancy at different primary site or of different
histological type from colorectal cancer within 5 years prior to initiation of study
treatment, except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or
carcinoma in situ of cervix
Microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or deficient expression of DNA mismatch repair
gene (dMMR)
Previous treatment with regorafenib, PD-1/PD-L1/PD-L2 antibody or any other antibody
that acts on T cell costimulatory or checkpoint pathways
Known allergy to study drug or excipients, or allergy to similar drugs
Have received other anti-tumor treatment within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study
treatment, or no more than 5 half lives from the last dose
Have participated in other clinical study and received drug within 4 weeks prior to
initiation of study treatment
Have undergone major surgery or open biopsy, or have massive trauma within 4 weeks
prior to initiation of study treatment
Have received immunosuppressants (excluding inhaled corticosteroids or ≤10 mg/day
prednisone or other systemic steroids at equivalent pharmaphysiological dose) within 2
weeks prior to initiation of study treatment
Have vaccination with attenuated live vaccines within 4 weeks prior to initiation of
the study treatment or plan to vaccinate during the study
CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors should not be stopped within 1 week prior to initiation
of study treatment and during the study
Known metastasis to central nervous system
Present or history of any autoimmune disease
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (HIV antibody positive), or active
hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (HCV antibody positive), or active hepatitis B virus
(HBV) infection (HBsAg or HBcAb positive, and HBV-DNA ≥2000 IU/ml (copies/ml)), or
other severe infection requiring systemic antibiotic treatment, or unexplained body
temperature >38.5℃ during screening period/before study treatment
Presence of pleural effusion, peritoneal effusion, or pericardial effusion
Development of the following diseases within 6 months prior to initiation of study
treatment: myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, congestive heart failure
above NYHA grade 2, poorly controlled arrhythmia
Poorly controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood
pressure ≥90 mmHg)
With bleeding tendency, or evident hemoptysis or other hemorrhagic events (e.g
gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hemorrhagic gastric ulcer) within 2 months prior to
initiation of study treatment, or presence of hereditary or acquired bleeding or
thrombotic tendency (e.g. hemophilia, coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia, etc.), or
current/long-term thrombolytic or anticoagulant therapy (except aspirin ≤100 mg/day)
Development of arterial/venous thrombotic events, e.g. cerebrovascular accident
(transient ischemic attack, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction etc.), deep
venous thrombosis, vasculitis, etc. within 6 months prior to initiation of study
History of allogeneic organ transplantation or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell
Seizure requiring drug (e.g. steroids or antiepileptic drugs) treatment
Presence of malabsorption disorder
Unable to swallow study drug
Presence of toxicities (except alopecia) of grade 2 and above (CTCAE V5.0) due to
previous anti-tumor treatment or surgical procedure
History of drug abuse, illegal drug use or alcohol dependence
Patients with other severe acute or chronic conditions that may increase the risk of
participation in the study and study treatment, or may interfere with interpretation
of study results, and judged by the investigator as not suitable for participation in
this clinical trial
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note