A Phase II Study of CPX-351 Monotherapy in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (CPX-351 TA-SMP)

  • End date
    Sep 1, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    French Innovative Leukemia Organisation
Updated on 23 October 2022
ejection fraction
direct bilirubin
cell transplantation
gilbert's syndrome
induction chemotherapy
consolidation therapy
blast cells


The three classic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) include polycythemia Vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). The natural history of these MPNs is the possible progression to acute myeloid leukemia (MPN-blast phase) at variable percentage depending the entity. Leukemic transformation of MPN occurs in 8% to 23% of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients in the first 10 years after diagnosis and in 4% to 8% of polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocytosis (ET) patients within 18 years after diagnosis. The risk for leukemic transformation is increased by exposure to cytotoxic chemotherapy. The molecular pathogenesis of MPN-blast phase remains an area of active research.

The prognosis of blast phase MPNs is very poor : approximately 50% of the patients are deemed eligible for intensive treatment (ie. conventional induction chemotherapy regimen with anthracyclines and cytarabine). The patients who are not fit for such intensive treatment approach due to age or comorbidities, are treated with Hypomethylating agents, low dose palliative chemotherapy, or supportive care. Nevertheless, there is a need for more effective and better tolerated treatment approaches in order to increase the response rate and hence, the transplant rates which should translate into improved survival.

CPX-351 is a new formulation of cytarabine and daunorubicin encapsulated at a fixed 5:1 molar-ratio in liposomes that exploits molar ratio-dependent drug-drug synergy to enhance antileukemic efficacy.

Based on similarities between post-myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and post-MPN secondary AML in terms of disease resistance to chemotherapy, of fragile patient profile, The hypotheses made is that CPX-351 may improve the results of induction chemotherapy without increasing its toxicity and therefore may increase the proportion of patients who could benefit from an allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation (SCT).


The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the Complete Remission (CR/CRi) rate after treatment with CPX-351 in patients with AML secondary to myeloproliferative neoplasms (post-MPN AML).

The hypotheses made is that treatment with CPX-351 will improve the historical response rate from 45% to 65%. The exact single stage Phase II design was used to calculate the number of patients. The null hypothesis H0 is that the probability p of CR/CRi rate with CPX351 is equal or lower than the historical rate p0 of 45% (H0: p≤p0). The alternative hypothesis H1 that is p>p0, supposing that CR/CRi rate will be 65% using CPX351. Considering an alpha risk of 5% and a power of 80%, 42 patients will be included, and H0 will be rejected if at least 25 patients achieve CR /CRi (R-project, "clinfun" package).

Inclusion period : 36 months

Treatment period (6 months) :

  • one or two cycles of induction treatment with CPX-351 (depending on CR/CRi achieving). If CR/CRi is not achieved following the induction phase, patients will go off study.
  • 2 courses of consolidation therapy with CPX-351 (patients for whom an allo-SCT is planned will receive a maximum of one consolidation cycle)

All included patients will be followed for 60 days after the End of Treatment (EOT) or at the date of allogeneic stem cell transplantation when appropriate : the day-60 follow-up visit will be the End Of Study (EOS) visit. The anti-leukemic chemotherapy administrated after relapse will be recorded.

After completion of the study, subjects will be followed-up at regular intervals (every 3 months) to collect information on the subjects' survival and disease (relapse) status. Survival status will be collected until death, or withdrawal of consent or lost to follow-up, whichever occurs first..

Condition Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Myeloproliferative Syndrome
Treatment CPX-351
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04992949
SponsorFrench Innovative Leukemia Organisation
Last Modified on23 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of newly secondary AML according to WHO 2016 classification following an antecedent of Myeloproliferative Neoplasm including Essential Thrombocythemia (ET), Polycythemia Vera (PV), primary or secondary Myelofibrosis
Performance status 2 Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) grading
Eligible for standard intensive chemotherapy
Absence of concomitant severe cardiovascular disease which would make intensive chemotherapy impossible, i.e. arrhythmias requiring chronic treatment, congestive heart failure or symptomatic ischemic heart disease, reduced left ventricular function assessed by multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram. Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 50% by echocardiography ou MUGA
Patient must have adequate organ function as indicated by the following laboratory
Serum creatinine: < 2 mg/dl OR calculated creatinine clearance: ≥ 30 mL/min by MDRD formula for patients with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional Upper Limit Normal (ULN)
Serum total bilirubin: ≤ 2.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for patients with total bilirubin levels ≥ 2 mg/dL unless Gilbert's Syndrome
Aspartate-Amino-Transferase (ASAT) and Alanine-Transaminase (ALAT): ≤ 2.5 times ULN
Alkaline Phosphatase: ≤ 5 X ULN, if > 2.5 X ULN, then liver fraction should be ≤ 2.5 X ULN Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard
Life expectancy should be of 12 weeks at least according to investigator evaluation
Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test (β-hCG) within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of CPX-351. Female patients who are not post-menopausal, free from menses for > 2 years or surgically sterilized, will have to use adequate barrier methods of contraception to prevent pregnancy or agree to abstain from becoming pregnant throughout the study, starting with Visit 1
Male patients agree to use an adequate method of contraception for the duration of the study. Men should be advised not to father a child while receiving CPX-351 and for 3 months post study
Patients have the ability to understand and willingness to sign an informed consent form indicating the investigational nature of the study

Exclusion Criteria

MPN/MDS mixed types
Prior therapy for AML transformation except for Hydroxyurea
Prior treatment with growth factors such as erythropoietin alfa (EPO) or granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), low-dose oral chemotherapy or Hypomethylating agents chemotherapy given in the chronic phase of MPN in the 30 days before inclusion, except for hydroxyurea
Uncontrolled undercurrent illness or circumstances that could limit compliance with the study, including but not limited to the following: symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, pancreatitis, or psychiatric or social conditions that may interfere with patient compliance
Active and uncontrolled infection
Current participation or participation in a study with an investigational compound or device within 30 days of initial dosing with study drug
Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or HIV-related malignancy
Clinically active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection
Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of CPX-351
Currently active second malignancy, other than non-melanoma skin cancer and in situ carcinoma of the cervix. Patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy for a prior malignancy, are disease free from prior malignancies for >3 years or are considered by their physician to be at less than 30% risk of relapse
Clinical evidence of Central Nervous System Leukemia
Pregnancy or breastfeeding during the projected duration of the study
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