Pediatric Low Grade Glioma - MEKinhibitor TRIal vs Chemotherapy (PLGG - MEKTRIC)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 1, 2031
  • participants needed
    134
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Strasbourg, France
Updated on 4 October 2022

Summary

Pediatric low-grade glioma (PLGG) is a heterogeneous group of WHO grade I and II brain tumors, associated with a 10-year overall survival of 90%. It is the most common form of primary central nervous system (CNS) tumor arising during childhood, adolescence and young adulthood, accounting for over 30% of CNS tumors in this age group. A large group of PLGG patients will benefit from a complete resection of their tumor. Nevertheless, PLGG can occur anywhere and can be in some locations associated with neurological symptoms, unresectable or radiological progressive tumors that need medical treatments rapidly to avoid long-term sequelae. The current problem during this first line therapy is to improve tumor response, overall survival rate, as well as progression free survival. In our study, we will focus on a specific group of PLGGs without any congenital NF1 mutation and with a wild-type BRAF gene in the tumor. In this subgroup, for instance, the PFS is not increasing anymore above 50% at 3 years independently from the chemotherapeutic scheme. The two current standard therapies are carboplatin plus vincristine during 81 weeks or a weekly IV administration of vinblastine during 70 weeks. The most recent Canadian approach with vinblastine seems to have the same PFS rate, but with a better daily tolerance and less toxicities than the carboplatin/vincristine combination. Therefore, it is becoming the new standard approach in those patients. Nevertheless, we need to improve more their outcome with less recurs and a better first-line tumor response. The recent molecular discoveries involving the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in those PLGG is opening a new era with specific targeted therapies that might be the key to improve their survivals and giving hope to less treatment lines and a better tumor response. Therefore, we designed a prospective open randomized phase II study, named PLGG-MEKTRIC, comparing the experimental arm (a daily MEK inhibitor, Trametinib, Mekinist©) to a standard arm comprising weekly vinblastine during 18 courses of 4 weeks each. The study will enroll 134 patients with a PLGG during childhood, adolescence or young adulthood with no NF1-related disease and without any BRAFv600 mutation located in brain or spine. 67 patients, in each treatment arm, are planned to be enrolled to answer our primary objective. This primary objective will be to determine in the experimental arm a 20% superiority of the 3-year PFS rate in comparison with the standard treatment administered during 18 courses (e.g. 72 weeks). A stratification of the patients will be done in both arms based on molecular tumor results and brain/spine locations to obtain two equivalent arms to be analyzed.

The recruitment time will be 36 months and the complete follow-up of each patient will last 3 years. The secondary objectives will be in both arms: the tumor response rate at 24 and 72 weeks of treatment, the 3-year PFS and OS rates and the frequency of AE/SAE/SUSAR (Adverse Event/Serious Adverse Event) based on CTCAE criteria during the 3 years after the first administration. A Quality of Life (QoL) assessment, based on PEDsQL questionnaires, at 24 weeks, at the end of treatment and 3 years after 1st treatment administration in both arms will be part of this study. Finally, 3-year PFS and OS will be analyzed according to molecular biomarkers and visual assessment (LogMar scale) in each arm. An economic analysis is also planned as an ancillary study to determine a cost effectiveness of the best arm and complementary ancillary molecular studies are already organized. In the future, we hope to push forward this new-targeted therapy as a referenced first line treatment of pediatric PLGG to obtain the best tolerance and positive long-term impact and to extend our knowledge of MEK inhibitor impact in molecular subgroups and in optical pathway locations. We also plan to do a "switch" strategy in patients relapsing in standard arm and we will propose systematically to those patients the experimental treatment (MEK inhibitor ).

Details
Condition Grade 1 Glioma, Mixed Glio-neuronal Tumors, Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma
Treatment Trametinib, Vinblastine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05180825
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Strasbourg, France
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age: ≥ 1 month to ≤ 25 years
Signed written informed consent prior to study participation of the legal representatives and the patient if the patient is able to understand the impact of clinical trial and to give consent. For patients above 18 years, their written informed consent will be obtained
Patient could be under guardianship or limited guardianship (for patient under legal guardianship, authorization is given by the legal representative of the patient under guardianship. For patient under limited guardianship, consent will be obtained from the adult under limited guardianship assisted by his or her guardian
Histologically proven grade 1 glioma/mixed glio-neuronal tumors or pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) confirmed by local referee and/or regional RENOCLIP referee and/or national referees in neuropathology (RENOCLIP-LOC panel)
Determination of a negative BRAFv600 mutation by immunohistochemistry and/or molecular methods
Determination of 7q34 duplication status additionally to routinely done FGFR1 and MYB/MYBL1 abnormalities' research
Midline tumors without proven histone H3 mutations
Tumor without IDH1 mutation
Fresh frozen tumor tissues and/or paraffin-embedded samples for further molecular biomarker testing
Sus-tentorial, optic pathway, midline and spine locations allowed
Karnofsky or Lansky ≥ 50%
Criteria for post-surgical treatment: severe visual or neurological symptoms at diagnosis, clinical deterioration of visual or neurological symptoms or radiological progression. The radiological progression is defined as an increase of solid part of the tumor of more than 25% compared to the pre-baseline MRI-imaging over a time period of at least 3 months or the occurrence of new metastatic lesions
Infants below one year of age with chiasmatic and/or hypothalamic tumor will be treated immediately after surgery, independently from neurological and/or visual evolution
Females of child-bearing potential must be willing to practice highly effective contraception during all treatment and until 6 months after the last dose of study drugs' administration. Additionally, females of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to start of study drugs. Boys with reproductive potential must be willing to use condom and consider contraception for partner women of childbearing potential during treatment and until 4 months after the last study drugs' administration
Patients must have adequate bone marrow function defined as: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/µL; platelets ≥ 100,000/µL and hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dl
Patients must have adequate liver function within 7 days prior to screening: bilirubin (sum of unconjugated and conjugated) ≤ 1.5 ULN for age, ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal, alkaline phosphatase ≤ 4 x upper limit of normal, INR/PTT < 1.5 x upper limit of normal
Patients must have adequate renal function within 7 days prior to screening: serum creatinine < 1.5 x upper limit of normal for age and a creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min for 1.73 m2
Cardiac function defined as a corrected QT (QTcF) interval < 480 msec, LVEF ≥ lower limit of normal (LLN) by echocardiogram (ECHO)
Adequate blood pressure control (smaller or equal to the 95th percentile for patient's age, height and gender)
Patients are willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests and study procedures
Guardians (in case of patients under 18 years) or patient if above 18 years must be affiliated to or a beneficiary of health insurance system
Non-inclusion criteria
Patients presenting a NF1 congenital disease
Pure optic nerve glioma
Completely resected tumors
Previous treatment except tumor surgery
Pregnancy and lactation
Participation in other clinical trials
Prior non-surgical therapy for this indication
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), even if histologically diagnosed as WHO grade II
Subependymal giant astrocytoma (SEGA) in patients with TSC
Patient having a known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B or C
Known hypersensitivity to drugs or excipients
History of another malignancy
History of current uncontrolled infection
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