Nanofat Grafting in Male and Female Subjects Affected by Urethral Strictures (NFUS)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    33
  • participants needed
    25
  • sponsor
    University of Roma La Sapienza
Updated on 4 October 2022

Summary

In 2001 Zuk showed that lipoaspirate contains multipotent adipose stem cells (ADSCs) like in the bone marrow, thereby expanding opportunities in multiple fields. ADSCs have emerged as a key element of regenerative medicine surgery due to their ability to differentiate into a variety of different cell lineages. Moreover, their capacity of paracrine secretion of a broad selection of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors makes them highly clinically attractive. More specific, of particular interest are the anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, proangiogenic, immunomodulatory, and anti-scarring effects that have been demonstrated for ADSCs, which effects on wound healing, soft-tissue restoration, and scar remodeling.

Nanofat firstly introduced by Tonnard in 2013, is an ultra-purified adipose tissue-derived product that is devoid of mature adipocytes but rich in ADSCs and with regenerative properties.

Nanofat represents a particular formulation of adipose grafting because it is liquid and it is easily transferable to tissues by injection. The nanofat because is free of whole adipocytes does not have the side effects of others adipose-derived formulations containing whole adipocytes (microfat, lipofilling, macrofat), such as the formation of deposits, granulomas, oily cysts, keloids.

Investigators aim to evaluate the use of nanofat grafting in the treatment in urethral strictures of the female and male urethras.

Description

Urethral stricture is the reduction of the urethral lumen due to the growth of scar tissue inside the urethral wall, due to various causes.

In the last thirty years, in reconstructive urethral surgery have been described several urethroplasties to repair the urethra and to restore urinary flow.

Obstructed stricture were treated with the removal of the urethral tract stricture and with the anastomosis of the two urethral stumps by the technique called "end-to end anastomosis". This technique is today reserved only for cases of complete urethral stricture of the male urethra because it causes many negative consequences on the sexual activity: shortening of the urethra and the penis, abnormal curvature of the penis in erection, reduction of penile sensitivity. In female urethral stricture this technique has never been used.

Many urethroplasties have been described with the enlargement of the urethra with a good success rate, but some risks such as the formation of fistulas and redo of the stricture. Today several autologous graft tissues are used including the genital and extragenital skin and the buccal mucosa. The use of preputial skin requires complete circumcision and is often not accepted by the patient. The use of extragenital skin is invasive and is used in some long male urethral stricture, while it is not used in female urethral reconstruction.

The buccal mucosa is today considered the optimal graft tissue, due to its histological characteristics that make it suitable for the reparative urethral surgery. However, it must be considered that the withdrawal can be a potential cause of oral complications and, moreover, there is a limit to the length of the tissue that can be taken and is a medium invasive procedure, with discomfort of the patient in the days following the harvest.

Over the last decade, many tissue engineering have been carried out in an attempt to create a tissue that could have the appropriate histological characteristics and size, but without the risk of complications related to the harvest. Many studies have concluded that tissue engineering is not usable except in specialized laboratories, because of its high costs and because not given satisfactory results.

Since 2001, the new concept of "tissue regeneration" has been born through plastic surgery techniques that involve the use of ultra-purified adipose tissue graft rich in stem cells and growth factors that regenerate scar tissues, as the urethral stricture.

In 2001 Zuk showed that lipoaspirate contains multipotent adipose stem cells (ADSCs) like in the bone marrow, thereby expanding opportunities in multiple fields. ADSCs have emerged as a key element of regenerative medicine surgery due to their ability to differentiate into a variety of different cell lineages. Moreover, their capacity of paracrine secretion of a broad selection of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors makes them highly clinically attractive. More specific, of particular interest are the anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, proangiogenic, immunomodulatory, and anti-scarring effects that have been demonstrated for ADSCs, which effects on wound healing, soft-tissue restoration, and scar remodeling.

Nanofat firstly introduced by Tonnard in 2013, is an ultra-purified adipose tissue-derived product that is devoid of mature adipocytes but rich in ADSCs and with regenerative properties.

Nanofat represents a particular formulation of adipose grafting because it is liquid and it is easily transferable to tissues by injection. The nanofat because is free of whole adipocytes does not have the side effects of others adipose-derived formulations containing whole adipocytes (microfat, lipofilling, macrofat), such as the formation of deposits, granulomas, oily cysts, keloids.

We aim to investigate the use of nanofat grafting in the treatment in urethral strictures of the female and male urethras.

Broad-spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis amoxicillin + clavulanic acid is carried out one hour before anesthesia.

After infiltration procedure with Klein's solution in the donor area, the lipoaspirate was obtained by means of a small 3 mm multiport collection cannula with 1 mm diameter side holes. The collection cannula was connected to a 60 ml syringe and the syringe plunger was pulled back to create an adequate negative pressure. The adipose tissue was decanted. At the end of liposuction, the contour deformities of the donor area were prevented by using a smaller diameter cannula, avoiding aspirations from the superficial layers, employing a "crossing" technique and allowing a slight under correction.

To obtain the nanofat, according to Tonnard's technique, the emulsification was obtained by moving the fat between two 10 cc syringes connected by a 1.4 mm connector. The same procedure is repeated with a 1.2 mm connector. This progressive emulsification process is important to ensure the destruction of all adipocytes. The product is then passed through a 400- or 600-micron filter to remove the connective tissue. In this way the liposuction become into nanofat. The nanofat in a 10-cc syringe connected with a 25 gauge needle is then used to create tunnels in the plane of the sclerotic tissues and the nanofat is introduced into the tunnels. Unlike other autologous grafts (skin and mucous membranes) the adipose tissue is transferred by injection and in this way access to urethral stricture is carried out with a minimal incision of the male urethra while in the female urethra is transferred exclusively with injections, without incision of urethral or genital tissue.

A catheter is left in place for 3 weeks.

Details
Condition Urethral Stricture
Treatment Nanofat grafting
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05451732
SponsorUniversity of Roma La Sapienza
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Urethral stricture naive or recurrent in male and female patients aged > 18 y.o

Exclusion Criteria

Neurogenic urinary tract disorders
Urinary tract infections
Age < 18 y.o
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