Blood Purification in Patients With Septic Shock

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 24, 2025
  • participants needed
    120
  • sponsor
    National Taiwan University Hospital
Updated on 4 October 2022

Summary

In recent years, many studies have pointed out that bacterial toxin storm and cytokine storm are the main causes of patients with septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction. Endotoxins are the main mediators of gram-negative bacteria causing systemic inflammation and sepsis. Endotoxins can interact with Toll- Like receptor 4 (TLR4) binding and trigger cytokine storms. The triple-effect blood purification filter has been proven to remove endotoxins, cytokines and urinary toxins, and it has the opportunity to improve shock in patients with sepsis. We hypothesize that blood purification using the three-effect filter can shorten the duration and severity of shock in patients with severe septic shock and reduce the organ damage by removing endotoxin, cytokine and urinary toxins. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the effect of blood purification using the three-effect filter on shortening the duration of septic shock. Other exploratory variables include the reduction of severity of organ damage and other clinical outcomes and prognosis.

Description

In recent years, many studies have pointed out that bacterial toxin storm and cytokine storm are the main causes of patients with septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction. Endotoxins are the main mediators of gram-negative bacteria causing systemic inflammation and sepsis. Endotoxins can interact with Toll- Like receptor 4 (TLR4) binding and trigger cytokine storms. The triple-effect blood purification filter (oXiris) has been proven to remove endotoxins, cytokines and urinary toxins, and it has the opportunity to improve shock in patients with sepsis. We hypothesize that blood purification using the three-effect filter can shorten the duration and severity of shock in patients with severe septic shock and reduce the organ damage by removing endotoxin, cytokine and urinary toxins. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the effect of blood purification using the three-effect filter on shortening the duration of septic shock. Other exploratory variables include the reduction of severity of organ damage and other clinical outcomes and prognosis.

This multi-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial will enroll patient with septic shock. After the screening of eligibility and obtaining the signed informed consent, the enrolling patients will be randomly assigned to the following two groups: the control group and the blood purification group. In the control group, patients will receive the treatments for septic shock according to the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines. If the primary care intensivist decides that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is indicated, the patient will receive CRRT with regular continuous veno-venous hemofiltration filter. In the blood purification group, patients will receive the treatments for septic shock according to the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines. In addition, these patients will receive blood purification treatment with oXiris filter within two hours after enrollment. The blood purification treatment will be continued for up to 72 hours as needed, and a new oXiris filter will be replaced every 12 to 24 hours. If the primary care intensivist decides that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is indicated at 72h after blood purification, the patient will receive CRRT with regular continuous veno-venous hemofiltration filter.

The following information will be recorded: diagnosis of intensive care unit admission, past medical history, severity of illness, vital signs, blood pressure, infusion doses of vasopressors and inotropes, fluid balance, sequential organ failure assessment score, daily urine output, lactate, creatinine, and other regular laboratory data. Blood sample will be obtained for analysis of the levels of procalcitonin, cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, HMGB-1 and TNF-α), vascular endothelial cell injury biomarker, kidney injury biomarker and intestinal injury biomarkers.

The primary outcome is the difference of the duration of vasopressor between the two groups. The secondary is the proportion of reduction in vasoactive-inotropic score at 72h between the two groups. Other exploratory variables include the the proportion of reduction in vasoactive-inotropic score at other time points, the serum level of cytokines and organ injury biomarkers, and clinical outcomes between the two groups.

Details
Condition Severe Septic Shock
Treatment Triple-effect blood purification filter
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04957316
SponsorNational Taiwan University Hospital
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Critically ill patients with severe septic shock
Intraabdominal infection, proved or highly suspected gram-negative bacteria infection
Change of sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score is above or equal to 2
Require norepinephrine infusion to maintain mean arterial pressure above 65 mm Hg
Lactate level above 4 mmol/L
SOFA score >= 9 or norepinephrine dose > 0.1 mcg/kg/min

Exclusion Criteria

Aged < 20
SOFA score >=16
Lactate level >=16
High dose norepinephrine infusion (> 0.3 mcg/kg/min) more than 24 h after SOFA score was >=9
High dose norepinephrine infusion (> 0.3 mcg/kg/min) more than 24 h after Lactate level was >=4
White blood cell counts < 1000 cells/μL
Platelet counts < 30 K/μL
Allergy to heparin
Receive continuous renal replacement therapy >8 hour before enrollment
Receive other endotoxin removal filter
Receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation within 4 weeks before enrollment
Admitted to ICU for severe septic shock within 4 weeks before enrollment
APACHE II score > 35 at enrollment
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note