Unrefined Salmon Oil as Dietary Supplement in Adult Asthmatics

  • End date
    Oct 24, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Hofseth Biocare ASA
Updated on 24 July 2022


Research has over decades showed that marine food carries nutritional characteristics that promote human health. As seen in epidemiological studies and based on in vitro and in vivo studies, it is hypothesized that unrefined salmon oil as dietary supplement have anti-inflammatory effect. However, there is sufficient preliminary data to indicate bioactive compounds effect for clinical use, and further clinical trials investigating effect are needed. This trial will investigate the potential anti-inflammatory effect in adults diagnosed with asthma.


This study is a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial investigating unrefined salmon oil, CARDIO®, additional to standard care for asthmatics. The investigational product is an unrefined salmon oil based soft-gel formulation containing 21 different fatty acids (more than 99.1%), lipopeptides (less than 0.9%), antioxidants and other micro metabolites. Research has shown that marine foods carry nutritional characteristics that promote human health, particularly the high intake of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA), eicosapentaeonic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Cell culture and mice studies have reported a reduction in leucocytes infiltration of the lungs and decreased pro-inflammatory cytokines with the consumption of the n-3 PUFAs, EPA and DHA. However, clinical trials in humans diagnosed with asthma, have shown varied results investigating n-3 PUFA supplementation. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether CARDIO® has an anti-inflammatory effect preventing exacerbation, in enhanced asthma control and quality of life. Data will be collected by pulmonary function tests (PEF, spirometry and FeNO), blood sample, nutritional log, quality of life questionnaires (ACQ-5), and blood and stool collected for research biobanking. Study intervention period will be 20 weeks, plus 4 weeks post-intervention follow-up, foremost of safety reasons.

As this study is explorative in nature, a sample size which balance the need of statistical power and resource constraints is chosen. The available resources, predetermine those 80 participants, 40 in each arm, can be recruited. We include a margin of error due to drop-out rate of about 20% in total (8 subjects per group), we thus estimate the study requires a recalculated number of 100 participants (50 in each arm). With this number of participants, the study is able to detect a decrease in rate of exacerbations of 40% (i.e. a rate ratio of 0.6), under the assumptions of a significance level of 5%, a power of 80% and an individual event rate of 0.01 pr day in the control group

Condition Asthma
Treatment Placebo, CARDIO®
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05137132
SponsorHofseth Biocare ASA
Last Modified on24 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Asthma Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) treatment grade 2-4 (only standard care of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA), no additional treatment except as-needed short--acting beta2-agonist (SABA)
ACQ-5 score ≥0.75
Diagnosed with asthma by medical doctor (general practitioner or pulmonary spesialist)
Eosinophils ≥ 150 µL
Speaks fluent Norwegian
For female in fertile age, use of contraception or other indication for non-pregnancy
Signed informed consent and expected cooperation of the participants for the treatment and follow up must be obtained and documented according to ICH GCP, and national/local regulations

Exclusion Criteria

Treatment with oral corticosteroid <1 month prior to baseline visit
Treatment with any biological medication, <6 months prior to baseline visit
Oral/intravenous antibiotics < 3 months prior to baseline visit
Consumption of fish oil (liquid, capsule, powder) as an oral supplement < 1-month prior baseline visit
Known fish or shellfish allergy
Pregnancy and breast feeding
Participant in a confounding study
Inflammatory bowel disease (Chron, ulcerative colitis (UC), microscopic colitis), celiac disease, or any chronic disease that possibly affects intestinal absorption and morbidity
In case of severe cognitive impairment where the participants are not able to fulfill the study
Not willing to participate
Any reason why, in the opinion of the investigator, the participant cannot participate
Clear my responses

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