Using Night-time Blood Pressure to Treat Hypertension

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    78
  • sponsor
    Chinese University of Hong Kong
Updated on 4 October 2022
hypertension
systolic blood pressure
hbpm

Summary

Objectives: To examine the feasibility of conducting night-time home blood pressure(BP) monitoring (during sleep) and titration of medications in the evening. This will provide data for sample size calculation for the main trial, which will examine whether night-time BP is a better target than conventional daytime BP for hypertension management.

Hypothesis to be tested: night-time home BP monitoring(HBPM) and evening drug titration are acceptable to patients; and future main trial is feasible in terms of recruitment/dropout rate/medication adherence.

Design and subjects: This pilot randomized-controlled trial will recruit 78 patients with nocturnal hypertension (asleep systolic BP 120mmHg on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring(ABPM)). They will be allocated in 1:1 ratio to have their medication titrated in the evening according to night HBPM (Experimental group) or in the morning according to daytime HBPM (control group) respectively.

Instruments: ABPM/HBPM. Interventions: titration of the dose(s) of anti-hypertensive medications in the evening according to night HBPM (experimental group) and in the morning according to daytime HBPM (control group) every 4 weeks.

Main outcome measures: ABPM at baseline and at 6 months Data analysis and expected results: The rate of recruitment/dropout and adherence to night HBPM will be presented. The feasibility of HBPM will be assessed by the patients' adherence to HBPM and by patients' interviews. ANCOVA will be used to evaluate whether titration of medication can normalize BP levels. We expect patients to have a high adherence rate and that titration of evening doses of medications will better improve night-time BP on ABPM.

Details
Condition Hypertension
Treatment treatment of BP by using night-time BP, treatment of BP by using daytime BP
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05031637
SponsorChinese University of Hong Kong
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

diagnosed hypertension (HT) from clinical records
nocturnal HT (night-time systolic blood pressure (SBP) during sleep ≥120 mmHg) and stage I hypertension (daytime SBP = 135-159mmHg)

Exclusion Criteria

patients with atrial fibrillation (many home blood pressure (BP) machines are not validated in these patients and these patients have greater BP variability)
daytime office systolic BP ≥180 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥120 mmHg (regardless of nocturnal BP) because these patients need urgent BP treatment and it is not known if medications given in the evening are equally effective
patients with known obstructive sleep apnoea because the night-time BP of these patients is predominately affected by the sleep apnoea
patients with known stroke, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, kidney failure, peripheral vascular disease and diabetes mellitus because their daytime BP targets will be different
dementia or psychiatric illness that impairs patients' ability to perform home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) by themselves
patients with end-stage malignancies
nocturnal worker, because they will have a reverse BP pattern to other participants
patients who sleep after 2am or wake up before 4am because these patients will not be asleep during night HBPM
patients receiving ≥3 BP medications at maximal tolerated doses because there is little space for drug titration and these patients may have secondary HT representing another disease spectrum
patients receiving anti-coagulants because ABPM can induce significant bruises (during repeated cuff inflations) in these patients
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