68Ga-DOTATOC Radio-Guided Surgery With β-Probe in GEP-NET (RGS GEP-NET)

  • End date
    May 12, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    European Institute of Oncology
Updated on 4 October 2022


Radical surgery is one of the most important way of treatment for solid tumors. In gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), it provides good long-term outcome and low recurrence rates. For breast cancer radio-guided surgery (RGS), using gamma radiations, is a well standardised methods because it aids to remove non-palpable lesions. In GEP-NETs the actual surgical planning is established on the ground of preoperative morphology images (CT scan), and functional imaging using CT/PET with 68Ga-DOTA-TOC, since the high expression of somatostatin receptors (SSR) of these tumors. RGS in GEP-NETs, mainly with gamma-probes, has been not widely accepted since the low rates of sensitivity and, in particular, specificity, in discriminating tumoral/ non tumoral tissue and background ratio. This is a relevant issue in particular in detecting metastatic lymph-nodes both for small-intestine neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (Pan-NETs), where the presence of lymph-node metastases has been associated with worse long-term outcome. At present, it is not possible to distinguish whether a small lymph-node is site of metastases or not without performing frozen sections. In a previous study ex-vivo from European Institute of Oncology SI-NET presented a high uptake of a beta-emitting radiotracer, 90Y-DOTA-TOC. Five SI-NET showing SSR positivity at PET with 68Ga DOTA-TOC received 5 mCi of 90Y-DOTA-TOC the day before surgery. All the tumor samples showed high counts of radioactivity with a sensitivity of 96% and a specificity of 100%. These results allowed the investigators to develop a probe, which is now approved for in-vivo employment within the operating theatre. The objective of the present study is to verify in-vivo within the abdominal cavity the capability of the probe to detect 68-Ga activity within tumoral tissue thus favouring radical surgery and avoiding unnecessary demolition, in the near future. However, in the present protocol the entity of surgery will not be modified by intraoperative findings of the probe. It is reasonable to assume that results from 68Ga-DOTA-TOC might be comparable to 90Y-DOTA-TOC as radiotracer, and the detection efficacy of the probe for 68Ga could be not inferior compared to the isotope 90Y. However, while 90Y-DOTA-TOC is used as investigational drug for therapy purposes only within clinical research protocol, 68Ga-DOTA-TOC is a diagnostic radiotracer broadly used in day-to-day clinical practice since many years. Furthermore, the administration of 68Ga-DOTA-TOC can be directly injected in surgery room and thus does not require patients' admission the day before surgery.

Condition Neuroendocrine Tumor Carcinoid, Neuroendocrine Tumor of Pancreas, Gep Net
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05448157
SponsorEuropean Institute of Oncology
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically proven GEP-NET
Patients undergoing primary tumor and/or lymph-node dissection after discussion at IEO NET tumor board
Ga-DOTA-TOC PET/CT performed within 12 weeks prior to surgery
DOTA-TOC positive tumors 68Ga-DOTA-TOC PET/CT
Age >18 years old
Willing to sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Patient unfit for surgery
Patients negative to 68Ga-DOTA-TOC PET/CT
Unable to tolerate PET scan
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