The Impact of Exercise / Stress Stimuli on HMB Supplementation Efficacy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 1, 2024
  • participants needed
    120
  • sponsor
    Poznan University of Physical Education
Updated on 25 July 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

The study aims at assessing the influence of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) free acid supplementation (90 mg/kg of fat free body mass/day) supplemented for 21 days on protein kinases activity and selected hormones levels, and subsequent improvements in muscle protein synthesis, lean body mass content and aerobic capacity.

Description

The main aim of the project is to assess the effects of 21 days of HMB (90 mg/kg of fat free body mass per day) or Placebo (PLA) supplementation under two distinct exercise/stress stimulus conditions in the groups of exercise trained participants (S group) and individuals showing features of malnutrition (W group) on the activity of Akt/PBK/mTOR/p70S6K and MAPK/ERK protein kinase pathway in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and muscle; blood concentrations of free and total testosterone, cortisol, IGF-1 and growth hormone; level of resting and exercise energy metabolism rate and alternations in energy sources utilization during exercise, as well as aerobic capacity and body composition.

The study is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial. The study protocol consists of two 21-days supplementation periods. Within the first period of the trial the participants will follow their customary physical exercise (S group) / lifestyle (W group). In turn, in the second period of the trial the routine training (S group) or customary lifestyle (W group) will be supplemented twice a week with a functional training program, as a source of an additional exercise/stress stimulus.

Investigators aim to recruit 60 exercise trained individuals (S group) and 60 will be inactive individuals showing features of malnutrition (W group). Random allocation of participants to the HMB and PLA treatments will be done using a random sequence generator, with groups being equalised by fat-free mass level (within S group and W group separately).

At the first preliminary visit anthropometric measurements, and familiarization with exercise test procedures [i.e., incremental cycling test with ergorespirometry, maximal voluntary isometric contraction test (MVIC; performed in a Biodex isokinetic dynamometer)] will be performed. After the completion of the preliminary tests, the participants within S group and W group will be divided randomly into two treatments: 90mg/kgFFM per day of HMB or the same amount of PLA. There will be two 21-days supplementation periods differing in the type of exercise/stress stimulus of the organism.

Before the start of supplementation period (T1) and after their completion (T2 and T3) the series of testing procedures will be performed, each of the series will consist of one day. Each testing series (T1, T2, and T3) will include anthropometric measurements followed by pre-exercise (pre-Ex) blood collection (for the determination of the activity of signaling protein kinases in peripheral blood mononuclear cells; hormone concentrations: free and total testosterone, cortisol, IGF-1 and growth hormone; concentrations of alternative energy sources: ketone bodies <acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate> and free fatty acids; activity of selected enzymes: lactate dehydrogenase <LDH>, and creatine kinase <CK>; gasometric indices: pH, pCO2, pO2 and electrolytes: Ca2+, Na+, K+, Cl-; concentrations of other biochemical indices: myoglobin, urea, creatinine, glucose, lactate, bilirubins ), the m. vastus lateralis ultrasound and collection of the m. vastus lateralis samples using the percutaneous muscle microbiopsy technique (for the determination of the activity of signaling protein kinases). After the resting pre-Ex procedures, the ICT will be performed. Then the post-exercise (post-Ex) blood sampling and second muscle microbiopsy will be carried out. Finally, at the end of the procedures the MVIC will be assessed.

After collection all the data, comparisons between supplementation treatment conditions (HMB vs PLA) within groups and supplementation periods, as well as comparisons between studied groups (S group vs W group) within supplementation treatment and supplementation period will be performed using T-test for independent variables. Comparisons between supplementation periods within studied groups and supplementation treatment will be performed via T-test for dependent variables. Statistical analysis will be performed using Statistica v. 13.3, StatSoft Polska Sp. z o.o., 2022.

Details
Condition Supplementation, Sport, Sports Nutrition, Sports Dietetics, Protein Kinases, Aerobic Capacity, Fat Free Mass
Treatment Placebo Treatment, HMB supplementation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05444959
SponsorPoznan University of Physical Education
Last Modified on25 July 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

written informed consent from all participants before the study
a current medical clearance to practice sports
Group S: regular physical activity (> 250 minutes per week), training practice (> 10 years)
Group W: a subjects characterized by certain features of the body malnutrition (BMI < 18.5), low lean body mass (FFMI < 17.4) and lack of regular physical activity that never were trained in competitive sports

Exclusion Criteria

current injury
any health-related contraindication
declared general feeling of being unwell
unwilling to follow the study protocol
serious disease or metabolic problems
intake of ergogenic supplements 3 months before the beginning of the study
history of anabolic androgenic steroids or drugs use that may interfere with muscle mass control (eg, corticosteroids), or affect physical performance
smoking and tobacco use
presence of infectious disease in the previous 4 weeks of the study
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