Contingency Management for Opioid and Stimulant Use Disorders in Primary Care

  • End date
    Mar 16, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Minnesota
Updated on 11 July 2022


Contingency management (CM) is a behavioral intervention that involves incentivizing participants for target behaviors in a clinical setting. When applied to the treatment of substance use disorders, it has demonstrated efficacy in reducing the number of urine toxicology screens positive for illicit substances and increased engagement in treatment programs. However, there is a need to translate CM treatment to primary care settings. This study will implement and assess a CM program for patients with opioid use disorder, with or without comorbid stimulant use disorder, initiating outpatient addiction medicine services at a family medicine residency clinic. Eligible patients will earn monetary incentives for attending addiction medicine appointments and abstaining from substances during outpatient treatment. Data gathered from this pilot program will be used to improve patient outcomes, treatment, and retention for persons receiving medications for opioid use disorder (MOUDs) in a primary care setting.

Condition Opioid Use Disorder, Stimulant Use Disorder
Treatment Contingency Management
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05288751
SponsorUniversity of Minnesota
Last Modified on11 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

At least 18 years of age
Diagnosis of Opioid Use Disorder and/or Stimulant Use Disorder
Recently initiated medications for opioid use disorder (MOUDs) at Broadway Family Medicine (BFM), within 2 weeks of recruitment
Have an active prescription for buprenorphine-naloxone (Suboxone)

Exclusion Criteria

Prescription for an amphetamine would exclude patients from the abstinence-based CM, but they could participate in the attendance-only CM
Dementia, development disabilities, or cognitive functioning that is too low to participate in study measures, as determined by chart review and consultation with overseeing physician
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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