Efficacy of 1% Metformin Gel Mixed With PRF in Augmenting Narrow Ridge (MF)

  • End date
    Jun 15, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Al-Azhar University
Updated on 28 June 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of 1% metformin gel mixed with PRF, in horizontal ridge augmentation with the split-crest technique, for implant placement.


Dental rehabilitation of edentulous patients with implants has become a common practice in the last few decades. Unfortunately, local conditions of some alveolar ridges of such patients may be challenging for implant placement. One of these conditions is a relevant horizontal deficit that may render dental implants difficult or impossible.

Several solutions are presented to overcome this challenge such as different guided bone regeneration (GBR) techniques and horizontal ridge split. However, these techniques have many shortages that may be overcome by the split crest technique (SCT).

SCT is a procedure for horizontal bone augmentation. It consists of splitting the vestibular and buccal cortical bone, displacing the vestibular cortical bone both in the maxilla or mandible, and separating from the bone marrow, creating a middle gap that is usually occupied mostly by the inserted implants. In such a procedure, ultrasonic bone surgery represents an advantageous alternative technique over conventional surgery using disks and chisels. The ultrasonic device can safely cut mineralized hard tissues such as bone with minor damage. Additionally, at the bone structural level, ultrasonic bone surgery may increase trabecular density as well as bone compression.

To enhance healing the remaining unoccupied space around the implant can be filled with biomaterials such as autologous bone grafts which are considered the gold stander, but unfortunately, site morbidity, as well as, utilizing more than one surgical site may limit its application. Alternatively, other bone substitutes including xenografts, alloplastic, and non-bone graft materials such as Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) have been used in peri-implants space occupation.

PRF is a blood derivative in which platelets have a higher concentration above the baseline level. it can regulate inflammation and stimulate the immune process of chemotaxis. This natural material seems to accelerate the physiological wound healing with or without bone grafts to accelerate new bone formation. (6)In clinical practice, it has already been largely applied as an inexpensive carrier and way to obtain many growth factors (GFs) in physiological proportions. Hence, enhanced bone regeneration and favorable implant healing can be better achieved by using PRF as a graft around dental implants. Some authors reported that the use of PRF as a sole filling material during a simultaneous SCT and implantation stabilized a high volume of natural regenerated bone in the spaces unoccupied by the implants.

Lately, metformin (MF), an antidiabetic agent, has been successfully used as a local drug delivery agent in periodontitis patients. Literature has suggested that MF possesses the osteogenic potential and induces the growth of osteoblast precursor cells. Therefore, several human studies have reported the use of MF alone or combined with PRF in the treatment of bony defects Although PRF is an autogenous material obtained from a patient's blood and contains GFs which promote bone formation, its short time stability may not give it superiority over a commonly used bone graft like xenograft Adding a medical formula with osteogenic potential such as MF to PRF may add to its therapeutic performance and may present a graft material comparable to bone substitutes with the benefit of being cost-effective. Testing this hypothesis constitutes the primary aim of work in the present clinical study.

Condition Horizontal Ridge Deficiency
Treatment Metformin
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05418452
SponsorAl-Azhar University
Last Modified on28 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adults (age 18-50) exhibiting initial insufficiently bone ridge
Patients with good oral hygiene
Free from systemic diseases that may influence the outcome of the therapy

Exclusion Criteria

Heavy smokers
Patient treated by immunosuppressive chemotherapy or radiotherapy
Allergy to any material or medication used in the study
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