Platelet Function in Patients With Ischemic Stroke Treated With Anti-thrombotic or Thrombolytic

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 31, 2024
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    Baylor College of Medicine
Updated on 4 July 2022

Summary

Acute stroke afflicts nearly 700,000 patients in the US and is the number 3 cause of death. Only 2-9% of this large number is treated with t-PA if they arrive within 4.5 hours. An equally small percentage of patients with large vessel occlusion undergo thrombectomy.

The thrombectomy patients may or may not receive t-PA. Some of these patients rarely receive intravenous GPIIB/IIIa inhibitors. Many lines of evidence suggest that GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors, a class of FDA approved potent platelet inhibitors that have been used extensively along with heparin for acute coronary syndromes (heart attacks) and unstable angina (chest pain), may be safe enough to give in these circumstances.

Description

In the past we used 30% lower dose of abciximab compared to the cardiac trials and the discontinued ABESTT stroke trial. There were no symptomatic intracranial hemorrhages or thromboyctopenia in our study. Based on the safety and efficacy results (Mandava et al, Translational Stroke Research 2010), we continued its use until manufacture of this agent was stopped.

There is another compound eptifibatide (Integrilin), that is also a GP IIb/IIIa which is in use in acute coronary syndromes. Eptifibatide has been used by cardiologists since 1998. Reduced doses have been studied along with intravenous rt-PA in stroke patients [Pancioli et al 2008 and 2013].

We are proposing even smaller dose compared to Pancioli et al 2008 and 2013. The reduced dose proposed here is less than 1/10th (<10%) cardiac dose. For an 80 kg patient the cardiac dose is 244 mg (14 mg bolus followed by an infusion of 230 mg over 24 hours). The reduced dose proposed here for stroke for an 80 kilogram patient is 10 mg bolus followed by an infusion of 10 mg over 24 hours. For patients weighing more than 80 kg the maximum bolus and infusion doses will remain 10 mg each. The cardiac dose does not specify a maximum weight.

If patients are eligible to receive alteplase as standard of care, patients will be offered alteplase.

Platelet aggregation has many poorly understood complex roles in ischemic stroke. We are planning on drawing three tubes of blood in addition before and after treatment. The tubes of blood will be collected at the bedside after consent and will be coordinated with the regularly scheduled blood draw that a patient undergoes at presentation to the emergency room. The three tubes of blood will be obtained and tests available in the laboratory will be performed. The three tests are Platelet Function Assay (PFA), Verify-Now (Aspirin) and Verify-Now(Plavix).

Details
Condition Acute Ischemic Stroke
Treatment Thrombolytic Agent, Thrombolytic Agent
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05415150
SponsorBaylor College of Medicine
Last Modified on4 July 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects are 18 years or older
Anterior Circulation stroke within the last six hours
Posterior Circulation stroke within the last 12 hours

Exclusion Criteria

Initial CT of the head suggests stroke like symptoms are not due to an ischemic stroke but a result of hemorrhage or tumor
Platelet count below 100,000
PTT greater than 75 while on treatment with heparin
INR greater than 2.5 while on treatment with warfarin
ACT>250
Have clinical signs and symptoms of liver failure or elevations in AST, and ALT > 3 times the normal values
Creatinine greater than 2
Treatment team considers the patient to be at increased risk of intra-cerebral hemorrhages or systemic bleeding
Pre-morbid modified Rankin score >2 suggesting a functionally dependent patient
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