Effects of Core Stability Versus Swiss Ball Exercise in Patients With Chronic Neck Pain

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  • sponsor
    Riphah International University
Updated on 16 June 2022
range of motion exercise


The study will be a randomized clinical trial to determine the effects of core stability versus swiss ball exercises on pain, range of motion and function in patients with chronic neck pain. A sample of 42 patients having neck pain since last 3 months will be taken from physical therapy department of "Bahawalpur medical & dental hospital" and will be divided into two groups each with 21 patients. Patient of any gender(male or female) with no history of neck surgery or any systemic disease will be considered. Group A will receive core stability exercises along with conventional physical therapy while group B will receive swiss ball exercises along with the conventional physical therapy protocol. The conventional physical therapy protocol will include a hot pack, and cervical stretches. The session will be around 30-45 minutes for each patient with three sessions per week on alternate days. A total of four-week treatment regime will be given to the patients and an assessment of patient's pain, range of motion, and function with NPRS (numeric pain rating scale), goniometry, and NDI (neck disability index) will be done at the baseline and after 4 weeks of treatment, data will be analyzed by using SPSS version 21, after the completion of treatment at four weeks.


Chronic neck pain is one of the pains with the highest prevalence these days due to the imprecise daily life routine of people including students & office workers etc. It is generally declared that pain and stiffness in neck occur due to faulty posture for prolonged periods of time against the gravity. Deep layered muscles e.g longus capitus, longus Colli, rectus capitus anterior & rectus capitus lateralis provides the stability to neck if they are targeted it is believed that the observed problem can be cured. This study is aimed to compare two methods for stability of neck i.e. core stability exercises & swiss ball exercises.

Until now many treatment options have been used for chronic neck pain e.g stretching, isometrics, fascia release, mobilization techniques etc, and in recent literature, it is seen that stability of neck muscles are emerging to alleviate chronic neck pain. This study is aiming to compare the effects of core stability exercises and swiss ball exercises.So, the latest , effective and economical options for treatment can be used by the physical therapists and can be guided to the patients in order to gain long-lasting effects.

Condition Neck Pain
Treatment Core stability exercises along with conventional physical therapy, Swiss ball exercises along with the conventional physical therapy protocol
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05393973
SponsorRiphah International University
Last Modified on16 June 2022


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Inclusion Criteria

• Both genders (male & female)
Age group 20-40 years
History of neck pain for more than 3 months

Exclusion Criteria

History of any neck surgery
Any systemic disease
Bony disorders
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