Extending the Time Window for Tenecteplase by Recanalization of Basilar Artery Occlusion in Posterior Circulation Stroke (POST-ETERNAL)

  • End date
    Dec 19, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Melbourne
Updated on 19 June 2022


Patients presenting to the emergency department with an acute ischemic stroke due to basilar artery occlusion within 24 hours of stroke onset will be assessed to determine their eligibility for randomization into the trial. If the patient gives informed consent they will be randomised 50:50 using a central computerised allocation process to either standard of care (no intravenous thrombolytic treatment or intravenous alteplase 0.9mg/kg) or tenecteplase 0.25mg/kg before undergoing mechanical thrombectomy as required at treating clinician's discretion. The trial is Multi-arm, Multi-stage, prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE) design with seamless phase 2b/3 transition if the intermediate endpoint (recanalization without symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage) is met in analysis of the first 202 patients. Adaptive sample size re-estimation (Mehta and Pocock) will be performed when 240 patients have completed 3 month follow-up (minimum sample size 320, maximum sample size 688).


The study is a Multi-Arm Multi-Stage (MAMS), multiregional, multicentre, prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE), controlled seamless phase 2b/3 trial (2 arm with 1:1 randomisation) with adaptive sample size recalculation in patients with stroke due to basilar artery occlusion. Stage 1 will use the surrogate outcome of recanalization without symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) to establish whether proceeding to Stage 2 is warranted. If results in the first n= 202 patients meet success criteria, the trial will seamlessly convert to a phase 3 design using modified Rankin scale 0-1 at 3 months as the primary outcome (minimum n=320 with interim sample size re-estimation at n=240, maximum sample n=688) using the Mehta and Pocock conditional power method. Each regionally-based stratum will be pooled in the final analysis and analysed as a stratification by geographic region. Randomisation of patients within each stratum will be stratified by the investigator's intention to treat with mechanical thrombectomy (or not) and the investigator's intention to treat with alteplase intravenous thrombolysis should the patient be randomised to the control group (or not). Covariate adjusted minimum sufficient balance randomisation will then be applied to control for age, NIHSS and time from onset-to-randomisation (dichotomized as 0-6 hours vs 6-24 hours). The primary objective of the study is to test the hypothesis that the thrombolytic tenecteplase (TNK, 0.25mg/kg) ± mechanical thrombectomy administered within 24 hours after symptoms onset, is superior to current best practice (alteplase, rtPA, 0.9mg/kg or standard care/no lysis ± mechanical thrombectomy) in achieving excellent functional outcome (mRS 0-1) or return to the premorbid modified Rankin Scale at 90 days in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to basilar artery occlusion. Estimated study duration is 5 years. Patients will participate in the trial for 12 months.

Condition Basilar Artery Occlusion
Treatment Tenecteplase, Standard Care (which may include intravenous Alteplase)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05105633
SponsorUniversity of Melbourne
Last Modified on19 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients presenting with posterior circulation ischemic stroke symptoms due to partial or complete basilar artery occlusion within 24 hours from symptom onset (or clinical deterioration/coma) or the time the patient was last known to be well
Patient's age is ≥18 years
Presence of basilar artery occlusion, proven by CT Angiography or MR Angiography. Basilar artery occlusion is defined as 'potentially retrievable' occlusion at the basilar artery. This can be a partial or complete occlusion
Premorbid mRS ≤3 (independent function or requiring only minor domestic assistance and able to manage alone for at least 1 week)
Local legal requirements for consent have been satisfied

Exclusion Criteria

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) or other diagnosis (e.g. tumour) identified by baseline imaging
Posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT score (pc-ASPECTS) <7 on non-contrast CT, CT Angiography source images or DWI MRI
Significant cerebellar mass effect or acute hydrocephalus
Established frank hypodensity on non-contrast CT indicating subacute infarction
Bilateral extensive brainstem ischemia
Strong suspicion of underlying intracranial atherosclerotic disease (e.g diffuse arterial calcifications, basilar stenosis) or dissection which may require immediate neuro-interventional procedure with intracranial stenting and not benefit from intravenous thrombolysis at investigator's discretion
Pre-stroke mRS of ≥4 (indicating moderate to severe previous disability)
Other standard contraindications to intravenous thrombolysis
Contraindication to imaging with contrast agents
Clinically evident pregnant women
Current participation in another research drug treatment protocol
Known terminal illness such that the patients would not be expected to survive a year
Planned withdrawal of care or comfort care measures
Any condition that, in the judgment of the investigator could impose hazards to the patient if study therapy is initiated or affect the participation of the patient in the study
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