Low Dose Vemurafenib and Rituximab in Hairy Cell Leukemia

  • End date
    Jan 1, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Scripps Health
Updated on 5 June 2022


The current standard-of-care for Hairy Cell Leukemia involves chemotherapy, with agents such as cladribine or pentostatin. Chemotherapy is associated with infection, low blood counts and predisposition to future cancers. This study tests a new drug combination for the treatment of hairy cell leukemia. The treatment involves 8 weeks of treatment with an oral drug called vemurafenib and 8 doses of an intravenous medication called rituximab. The goal of this study is to see whether this treatment is better tolerated and more effective than the currently used treatment in this disease. In addition, this study uses a lower dose of vemurafenib than previous studies have used, with the goal of minimizing side effects from this medication.


This is a single-center, open label, single arm, investigator-initiated phase II trial of the oral BRAF inhibitor, vemurafenib, plus rituximab in patients with previously untreated or relapsed and refractory HCL. Eligible patients will receive vemurafenib at a dose of 240 mg orally twice daily (b.i.d.) continuously for 8 weeks. Rituximab 375 mg/m2 will be administered concomitantly with vemurafenib every 2 weeks from the first day of treatment. After completion of vemurafenib, the patient will receive rituximab 375 mg/m2 every 2 weeks for a total of 8 weeks. The entire duration of treatment will be 16 weeks. Six months after the initiation of the treatment, a peripheral blood flow cytometry and a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy will be performed for assessment of response and evaluation of minimal residual disease (MRD).

Condition Hairy Cell Leukemia
Treatment Low dose vemurafenib plus rituximab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05388123
SponsorScripps Health
Last Modified on5 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

≥ 18 years of age
Histologically confirmed HCL that are BRAF V600E positive by IHC or NGS
Patient's must meet the standard treatment initiation criteria, as defined by ANC ≤1.0, Hgb ≤ 10.0 or PLT ≤100K
Patients can either have (1) not received any prior therapy for the disease or have had (2) failure to achieve any response to the initial purine analog-based therapy or (3) subsequent relapse after any prior therapy
ECOG performance status of 0-2
Acceptable pre-study organ function during screening not exacerbated by Hairy Cell Leukemia. General thresholds should be a total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5x ULN, and serum creatinine ≤ 1.5x ULN
For women of childbearing potential, agreement to use acceptable methods of contraception
For men with female partners of childbearing potential, agreement to use barrier contraception
Negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of commencement of treatment in premenopausal women
Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnant or breast-feeding or intending to become pregnant during the study
Have had chemotherapy (including purine analogs), rituximab, and other investigational agents within six weeks prior to entering the study. The patients cannot have received BRAF inhibitor therapy within 6 months of entering the study
Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to entering the study
Invasive malignancy within the past 2 years prior to first study drug administration, except for adequately treated (with curative intent) basal or squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, in situ ductal adenocarcinoma of the breast, in situ prostate cancer, or limited stage bladder cancer or other cancers from which the patient has been disease-free for at least 2 years
Active HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C or any clinically significant history of liver disease. Hepatitis B prior infection is not a contraindication though will require therapy
Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs
Patients with HCL that are BRAF V600E mutation negative
Clear my responses

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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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