Laxative Properties of Microencapsulated Lipid (Constipation Study)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 15, 2023
  • participants needed
    31
  • sponsor
    University College Dublin
Updated on 13 June 2022
lactulose
chronic constipation
laxative
other laxatives
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

The present study seeks to build on these observations to assess whether in principle, fat containing microcapsules might help patients experiencing constipation in association with weight loss interventions (including GLP-1 analogues or bariatric surgery) to both avoid/treat constipation and simultaneously optimise their ability to feel full during eating. This potential dual action may provide added benefit versus the use of traditional approaches to constipation prophylaxis e.g., lactulose.

Description

Chronic constipation most frequently arises as a functional disorder of at least 3 months duration, the aetiology of which is multifactorial encompassing dietary and lifestyle factors arising in the context of intact colonic motility. Confirmatory clinical diagnosis of chronic constipation under this definition can be made with reference to the Rome IV criteria encompassing assessment of stool frequency, quality, straining etc.

Whilst broadly prevalent across the population, constipation is particularly troublesome in a significant number of patients undergoing interventions for weight loss in obesity, be that dietary, pharmacological or surgical. Calorie restriction per se, which is a common feature of most interventions for obesity necessarily reduces stimulation of colonic motility by impacting the frequency and intensity of colonic mass movements. Moreover, decreases in dietary fibre during food restriction result in debulking of the stool.

Multiple dietary and pharmacological approaches to the management of chronic constipation are available to mitigate the risk of constipation during weight loss and treat it when it becomes manifest. However, these can often be poorly accepted due to gastrointestinal side effects. Interestingly, the potential laxative properties of orlistat, a pancreatic lipase inhibitor-based treatment for morbid obesity have been investigated in off-label studies in the setting of idiopathic chronic constipation and constipation associated with opioid pain medication and anti-psychotic (clozapine) therapy. Mechanism of action in these cases most probably relates to the pro-kinetic and lubricatory effects of the increasing passage of undigested fat to the colon. Based on these case series, the potential for weight loss pharmacotherapy with in-built mitigation of associated constipation becomes an attractive concept.

When digestive and absorptive processes are impeded or moved distally in the small intestine, as can happen with respect to dietary triglycerides during orlistat therapy, satiety gut hormone signal and quantity of food intake are affected. During an ileal infusion of a lipid emulsion, healthy subjects ate a smaller amount compared to control infusions. A study in healthy volunteers in which fat was delivered via a nasal tube to the duodenum, jejunum and ileum found that the ileal treatment had the most pronounced effect on food intake and satiety.

The investigators have used a new food encapsulation technology using natural food grade pea protein, AnaBio©*, to deliver pure oleic acid to the distal small intestine showed significant attenuation of food intake in association with enhancement of enteroendocrine satiety hormone release. The results recorded an increase in the number of bowel motions over the subsequent 24 hours in half of the participants. Subsequently, the investigators showed that ingestion of a smaller 400kcal cargo of microencapsulated oleic acid resulted in decreased hunger and food intake, no increase in the frequency of bowel motion but an increase in stool softness.

Based on the above data the investigators are encouraged to proceed with the present study, the main goal of which is therefore to investigate whether the 400kcal dose of encapsulated fat delivered to the distal small intestine might be a useful supportive therapy in patients engaged in intensive weight loss therapies and experiencing constipation as a consequence.

Details
Condition Constipation
Treatment Fat Microcapsules
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05324241
SponsorUniversity College Dublin
Last Modified on13 June 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

-65 years
Engaged in weight loss treatment
Diagnosis of chronic constipation (Rome IV criteria)1
Capacity to consent to participate

Exclusion Criteria

Substance abuse
Pregnancy
Patients who are taking medication for constipation should be on stable doses of medications for constipation for more than 2 weeks. They should neither start nor stop any medication for constipation in the 2 weeks prior to the visits
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