Study of DAXDILIMAB for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Alopecia Areata

  • End date
    Sep 23, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC
Updated on 27 May 2022
treatment regimen
areata alopecia


The purpose of this study is to assess the preliminary efficacy, safety, tolerability, PK, and PD of Daxdilimab in participants with moderate to severe AA, with ≥50% and ≤95% total scalp hair loss as defined by the SALT score at Screening and Day 1.


Approximately 30 participants will be enrolled to receive daxdilimab administered subcutaneously over 32 weeks. The maximum trial duration per participant is approximately 52 weeks, including up to 30 days for the screening period, 32 weeks for the open-label treatment period where participants will receive daxdilimab and approximately 16 weeks for the follow-up period. Safety evaluations will be performed regularly throughout the course of the study.

Condition Alopecia Areata
Treatment Daxdilimab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05368103
SponsorHorizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC
Last Modified on27 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Willing and able to give informed consent
Willing and able to comply with the prescribed treatment protocol and evaluations for the duration of the trial
Adult men or women 18 to 65 years of age
Willing to keep the same hair style and color (eg, hair products, process, and timing for hair appointments) for the duration of the trial
Clinical diagnosis of moderate-to-severe AA - defined as meeting the following
Presence of ≥ 50% and ≤ 95% total scalp hair loss at screening and baseline (Day
defined by the SALT score
Duration of current episode of hair loss >3 months but <7 years at screening and
Day 1, along with investigators' assessment that hair regrowth is possible
No evidence of active regrowth present at baseline and no known history of significant regrowth, as per investigator's judgement, over the last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria

Individuals involved in the conduct of the trial, their employees, or immediate family members of such individuals
Any clinically significant medical condition or physical/laboratory/ECG/vital signs abnormality that would, in the opinion of the investigator, put the participant at undue risk or interfere with the evaluation of the IP or interpretation of trial results
History of allergy, hypersensitivity reaction, or anaphylaxis to any component of the IP or to a previous monoclonal antibody (mAb) or human immunoglobulin (Ig) therapy
Participant has had excessive sun exposure, is planning a trip to a sunny climate, or has used tanning booths within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 or is not willing to minimize natural and artificial sunlight exposure during the trial. Use of sunscreen products and protective apparel are recommended when sun exposure cannot be avoided
Known history of a primary immunodeficiency or an underlying condition such as known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, a positive result for HIV infection, splenectomy, or any underlying condition that in the opinion of the investigator significantly predisposes the participant to infection
Confirmed positive test for hepatitis B serology defined as
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or
Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb or anti-HBc)
Positive test for hepatitis C virus antibody
Active tuberculosis (TB), or a positive TB test at Screening. Participant will be evaluated for latent TB infection with a purified protein derivative (PPD) test or a QuantiFERON-TB Gold test. Participants who demonstrate evidence of latent TB infection (either PPD ≥5 mm of induration or positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold test, irrespective of bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination status will not be allowed to participate in the trial, unless documented history of appropriate treatment for active or latent TB. Participants with an indeterminate test result can repeat the test, but if the repeat test is also indeterminate, they are excluded
Any severe herpes virus family infection (including Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus [CMV]) at any time prior to Day 1, including, but not limited to, disseminated herpes, herpes encephalitis, recent recurrent herpes zoster (defined as 2 episodes within the last 2 years), or ophthalmic herpes
Any herpes zoster, CMV, or Epstein-Barr virus infection that was not completely resolved 12 weeks prior to Day 1
Any of the following within 30 days prior to signing the ICF and though Day 1
Clinically significant active infection in the opinion of the investigator, including ongoing, and chronic infection requiring antibiotics or antiviral medication (chronic nail infections are allowed). Note: Participant with a limited recurrence of a cold sore or herpes genitalis between ICF signature and Day 1 could be eligible based on the investigator's judgement
Any infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with intravenous (IV) anti-infectives
A participant with a documented positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) test may be rescreened at least 2 weeks after a positive test if the participant is asymptomatic and at least 3 weeks after resolution of symptomatic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) illness
Opportunistic infection requiring hospitalization or parenteral antimicrobial
treatment within 2 years prior to Day 1
Any acute illness or evidence of clinically significant active infection, such as fever ≥ 38.0°C (≥ 100.5°F) on Day 1
History of clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina; myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to Day 1; congestive heart failure; arrhythmia requiring active therapy, except for clinically insignificant extra systoles, or minor conduction abnormalities; or presence of clinically significant abnormality on ECG if, in the opinion of the investigator, it would increase the risk of trial participation
History of cancer or lymphoproliferative disease within 5 years prior to Day 1, except as follows
In situ carcinoma of the cervix treated with apparent success with curative therapy > 12 months prior to Screening, or
Nonmetastatic cutaneous basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin treated with apparent success with curative therapy
Active forms of other inflammatory skin disease(s) or evidence of other skin
conditions (eg, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, lupus) at the time of the
Screening and through Day 1, that in the opinion of the investigator might
interfere with evaluation of AA and the assessment of the activity measures
Presence of another form of alopecia (except for androgenic alopecia)
History of male or female pattern hair loss > Hamilton stage III or > Ludwig stage II
History or presence of hair transplants
History or presence of micropigmentation of the scalp (Note: microblading of the eyebrows is permitted)
Use of steroids (systemic and intralesional), anthralin, squaric acid, diphenylcycloprophenone (DPCP), dinitrochlorobenzene (DCNB), protopic, minoxidil, or any other medication which in the opinion of the investigator may affect hair regrowth within 4 weeks of Day 1 visit. Note: Intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids are allowed, eye and ear drops containing corticosteroids are also allowed
Use of platelet-rich plasma injections in the last 12 weeks prior to Day 1
Topical medicated treatment that could affect AA including, but not limited to, topical corticosteroids, calcineurin inhibitors, antimicrobials, medical devices within 2 weeks of Day 1 visit. Note: Topical corticosteroids are permitted outside of the scalp, eyebrows, and eyelids
Participants who have had previous treatment with any biologic B-cell-depleting therapy (eg, rituximab, ocrelizumab, or ofatumumab) or other B-cell targeting therapy (eg, belimumab) within 12 months before Day 1
Participants who have received previous treatment with pDC inhibiting therapies (eg, anti-ILT7, anti-blood dendritic cell antigen 2 [BDCA2])
Inadequate response to adequate trial of oral Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitors. Previous exposure to topical JAK inhibitors is acceptable, regardless of response
Any biologic or conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD), immunosuppressant (eg, cyclosporine, methotrexate, or azathioprine), JAK-inhibitors, interferon (IFN) blocking therapies, or antiproliferative agents, if last dose was taken: a. within 8 weeks prior to Day 1 or b. drug-specific 5 half-lives elimination period (if longer than 8 weeks)
Participant has received any marketed or investigational biological agent within 12 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to Day 1
Currently receiving a nonbiological IP or device or has received one within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 or within 5 published half-lives, whichever is longer
Participant has received any ultraviolet (UV)-B phototherapy (including tanning beds), has had psoralen-UV-A (PUVA) treatment, or excimer laser within 4 weeks prior to Day 1\
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