Efficacy of Primary Debulking Surgery Versus Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Stage IV Ovarian Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 27, 2023
  • participants needed
    200
  • sponsor
    Fudan University
Updated on 27 May 2022
paclitaxel
carboplatin
cancer chemotherapy
peritoneal cancer
tumor debulking
ovarian epithelial carcinoma
cancer of the ovary
primary debulking surgery
stage iv ovarian cancer

Summary

Epithelial ovarian cancer is mostly diagnosed at late stage (III/IV), and the standard treatment for ovarian cancer includes primary debulking surgery and platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy. However, scholars suggest that neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be used to reduce the tumor load and control the patient's condition. The aim of this study is to verify the efficacy of primary debulking surgery versus neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Description

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in women. Due to the insidious onset and the lack of effective early diagnosis measures, about 70% of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer are already in FIGO stage III-IV at the time of diagnosis. With extensive tumor dissemination and metastasis, the 5-year survival rate of EOC patients is only about 30-40%.

Currently, the standard treatment for ovarian cancer remains to include primary debulking surgery(PDS) and platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy. Despite the lack of evidence from prospective randomized controlled studies, evidence invariably shows that satisfactory debulking surgery improves survival prognosis in advanced ovarian cancer and that this benefit is significantly associated with the amount of residual lesion.

How to increase the proportion of patients with satisfactory tumor reduction (residual lesions <1 cm) has long been a pressing issue for gynecologic oncologists. However, because ovarian cancer lesions are mainly disseminated in the pelvic cavity, the extent of surgery to achieve satisfactory reduction is often large and difficult to be tolerated for some patients. At the same time, due to the large initial tumor or the limited treatment level, some patients are unable to obtain satisfactory cytoreduction. Therefore, some scholars suggest that neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) can be used to reduce the tumor load and control the patient's condition, followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS), called NACT-IDS treatment model.

Whether the NACT-IDS treatment model can be used as a conventional alternative to PDS has been controversial. The foundation for NACT-IDS was laid by two multicenter randomized controlled phase III clinical trials, EORTC 55971 and CHORUS. Both studies showed that the application of NACT in patients with advanced ovarian cancer resulted in a higher proportion of satisfactory cytoreduction and lower postoperative complications and mortality while ensuring a similar prognosis. However, the two studies mentioned above have been questioned by some scholars because of the lower median operative time, lower percentage of satisfactory cytoreduction, and lower patient prognosis than the international general level. Meanwhile, another phase III randomized controlled clinical trial, JCOG0602, was a non-inferiority trial, and the results did not confirm that NACT was not inferior to PDS. Therefore, at present, NCCN guidelines recommend that PDS remains the first choice for most patients.

At present, there are no relevant clinical trials comparing the impact of PDS with NACT on the prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. In this study, investigators propose to assess the resectability of patients with abdominopelvic lesions using the Suidan standard resectability prediction model based on the evaluation of WB-DWI/MRI. In patients of stage IV ovarian cancer with resectable abdominopelvic lesions, the prognostic impact of PDS and NACT will be compared prospectively and randomly, with the aim of providing a new decision basis for the treatment of patients with stage IV ovarian cancer.

Details
Condition Ovarian Cancer
Treatment Debulking Surgery, Paclitaxel, Carboplatin
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05371301
SponsorFudan University
Last Modified on27 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Female patients over 18 years of age
ECOG 0-2
Clinically confirmed epithelial ovarian or fallopian-tube cancer or primary peritoneal cancer
FIGO2014 stage III/IV
Sign the informed consent form
Good compliance and agree to cooperate with survival follow-up

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with large abdominal masses or other reasons for not being able to tolerate surgical treatment
Patients with severe medical comorbidities that cannot be corrected in the short term and are not suitable for tumor cytoreductive surgery
Patients with contraindications to chemotherapy
Patients with a history of psychotropic substance abuse and unable to quit or patients with mental disorders
Patients with serious safety hazards or concomitant diseases that, in the judgment of the institution, would affect the patient's ability to complete the study
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