CHoice of Optimal Anti-Thrombotic Strategy in Patients Undergoing Implantation of Coronary Drug-Eluting Stents 4 (SMART-CHOICE4)

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Samsung Medical Center
Updated on 25 May 2022
myocardial infarction
unstable angina
percutaneous coronary intervention
antiplatelet therapy
biodegradable polymer


This study is multi-center, open label, two-by-two factorial, randomized, noninferiority trial to compare the efficacy and safety of polymer-free cobalt-chromium thin drug-coated stents (BioFreedom Ultra) with biodegradable polymer ultrathin sirolimus-eluting stents (Orsiro Mission) and prasugrel monotherapy after 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) of aspirin plus prasugrel with 12-month DAPT of aspirin plus prasugrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.


Polymer is the key component of drug-eluting stents (DES) for facilitation of drug loading and control of drug release. However, durable polymer of the 1st generation DES has been considered to induce inflammation and to be associated with fatal complications such as very late stent thrombosis. To overcome this shortcoming, biodegradable polymer has been applied to the DES system. In several head-to-head comparison, ultrathin strut biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent demonstrated comparable or superior outcomes compared with durable polymer everolimus-eluting stents. As a result, Orsiro stent is considered one of the standard contemporary DESs.

On the other hand, polymer-free drug-coated stents (DCS) have been developed as an alternative to durable and biodegradable polymer DES. The biolimus A9-coated BioFreedom stent is the representative polymer-free drug-coated stent and was superior to a bare-metal stent in patients treated with 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). However, it failed to show noninferiority for major adverse cardiovascular events at 12 months when compared with the ultrathin strut biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent in an all-comers population, mainly due to increased target lesion revascularization (TLR). On top of possible insufficient or uncontrolled drug delivery at stented site due to absence of a drug carrier, thick strut (112 µm) and stainless steel alloy may explain a higher rate of TLR in the BioFreedom stent group compared with the Orsiro stent group. The BioFreedom Ultra stent is a novel cobalt-chromium thin stent (84 µm) with biolimus A9-coating. With advancement in stent alloy and strut thickness, treatment efficacy and safety of the BioFreedom Ultra stent would be comparable to the new version of Orsiro stent (Orsiro Mission) among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with DES are currently recommended to use 12 months of DAPT, consisting of aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitor. Although use of DAPT reduces ischemic events, including stent thrombosis, bleeding events increase in return. Hence, considering the aforementioned advancement of stent devices, shorter duration of DAPT and switching to a potent P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy would be possible. This has been demonstrated in several recent studies. However, although prasugrel was superior to ticagrelor in lowering ischemic events, these studies mainly used ticagrelor as a solely used antiplatelet agent, and studies verifying the effect of prasugrel monotherapy after short duration of DAPT are limited to date. In addition, in these studies, DAPT was maintained for mostly at least 3 months in the ACS situation. With advancement of devices, duration of DAPT may be further reduced. In other words, prasugrel monotherapy after 1 month of DAPT of aspirin plus prasugrel would be comparable to 12-month DAPT of aspirin plus prasugrel.

Condition Coronary Artery Disease
Treatment Type of stent, Duration of DAPT
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05066789
SponsorSamsung Medical Center
Last Modified on25 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subject must be at least 19 years of age
Subject who is able to understand risks, benefits and treatment alternatives and sign informed consent voluntarily
Patients presenting with ACS (ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI], non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI], or unstable angina)
Patients with at least one lesion with equal or greater than 50% diameter stenosis requiring treatment with drug-eluting stents (DES) in native coronary artery or graft

Exclusion Criteria

Patients unable to provide consent
Patients with known intolerance to aspirin, clopidogrel, prasugrel, or major components of drug-eluting stents
Patients who have non-cardiac co-morbid conditions with life expectancy <1 year or that may result in protocol non-compliance (per site investigator's medical judgment)
Patients who need chronic anti-coagulation therapy
Patients with active pathological bleeding
Pregnant or lactating women
Additional Exclusion Criteria for Antiplatelet Comparison Study
Patients with history of stroke or transient ischemic attack
Patients 75 years of age or older
Patients weighing less than 60 kg
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