Effect of Mouth Breathing on Exercise Induced Bronchoconstriction.

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 30, 2024
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    Rambam Health Care Campus
Updated on 24 May 2022

Summary

Introduction: Exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is a common finding in the pediatric population with and without asthma. EIB is suspected with a drop of 10-15% in Forced expiratory volume in the 1st second (FEV1) during exercise challenge test (ECT). Some researchers assume that oral breathing, in several mechanisms, increase hyper-responsiveness of the airways.

Aim: Asses the effect of a nose clip and allergic rhinitis in EIB. Hypothesis: The use of a nose clip in exercise challenges will increase the rate of positive tests. However, we assume that children with symptomatic allergic rhinitis will not demonstrate similar trends.

Methods: A prospective, single center cohort study in a pediatric pulmonology institute, at Ruth's children hospital, Rambam medical center, Haifa, Israel. Children referred for ECT will be registered to the study and will be evaluated in two separate visits. Visit 1 - ECT with a nose clip and visit 2 - ECT without a nose clip. Demographic and clinical data and measurements of serial vital signs, exercise data and lung functions will be taken, as well as Total Nasal Symptoms Score (TNSS) and Asthma Control Test (ACT) questionnaires.

Description

Introduction: Exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is a common finding in the pediatric population with and without asthma. EIB is evaluated with serial measurements of lung functions during exercise protocol. EIB is suspected with a drop of 10-15% in Forced expiratory volume in the 1st second (FEV1) during exercise challenge test (ECT). Some researchers assume that oral breathing, in several mechanisms, increase hyper-responsiveness of the airways.

Aim: Asses the effect of a nose clip and allergic rhinitis in exercise induced bronchoconstriction.

Hypothesis: The use of a nose clip in exercise challenges will increase the rate of positive tests. However, we assume that children with symptomatic allergic rhinitis will not demonstrate similar trends.

Methods: A prospective, single center cohort study in a pediatric pulmonology institute, at Ruth's children hospital, Rambam medical center, Haifa, Israel, during 2020-2021. Children referred for ECT will be registered to the study after signing an informed consent and will be evaluated in two separate visits. Visit 1 - ECT with a nose clip and visit 2 - ECT without a nose clip. ECT will be conducted according to the institute protocol, based on American Thoracic Society (ATS) guidelines. Demographic and clinical data and measurements of serial vital signs, exercise data and lung functions will be taken, as well as Total Nasal Symptoms Score (TNSS) and Asthma Control Test (ACT) questionnaires.

Details
Condition Asthma in Children
Treatment Exercise challenge test (ECT)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05376436
SponsorRambam Health Care Campus
Last Modified on24 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Exercise challenge test as part of exercise induced asthma evaluation
Age 6-18 years

Exclusion Criteria

Other chronic lung disease
Significant background illness
Severe asthma exacerbation or systemic steroids - last 2 months
Persistent use of inhaled steroids - last 2 weeks
Use of short acting bronchodilators - last 24 hours
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